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Lecture 6

PSYCH 1XX3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Habituation, Psych, Dishabituation

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Joe Kim

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Psych 1XX3- Development 1
Nurture vs Nature
Development- Means changes and continuities that occur within
the individuals between conception and death
(Processes that lead to development change) Maturation- the
biologically-timed unfolding of changes within the individual
according to that individuals’ genetic plan.
(Processes that lead to development change) Learning- permanent
changes in our thoughts behaviours and feeling based on
experiences. The acquisition of neuronal representations of new
Practise can make once controlled processes automatic (like
looking left then right before crossing street, but places like
London this is not optimal, so you have to focus to look right first)
Interactionist Perspective- the view that holds that maturation
and learning interact during development. (IE for maturation
effecting learning - A kid learning to walk is only possible when
they get grow enough muscle to do so)
Learning can also effect maturation -IE if a child has given enough
nutrition, but isolated in a dark room and not allowed to interact
with anyone. The child would not have normal motor, speech or
vision compared to someone with normal environmental
Without some minimal level of input from the outside world,
maturation will be delayed
Most of human development occur during the earliest stages in life
How to study Infants when they cannot talk? 4 methods of
measuring Ability in infants
Habituation Procedure- Infants detect novel stimuli, this
procedure requires the same stimuli to be presented multiple times
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