Class Notes (1,000,000)
CA (610,000)
McMaster (50,000)
PSYCH (6,000)
PSYCH 1XX3 (1,000)
Joe Kim (1,000)
Lecture 8

PSYCH 1XX3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Neurochemistry, Autism Spectrum, Dyslexia

Course Code
Joe Kim

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Lecture: Psychological Disorders
What is a Psychological Disorder?
-Past: evil spirits inside their heads – drill a hole in their skull to release them
-Today: Neurochemistry – action potentials
What is Abnormal Behaviour?
-Denition can change from decade to decade
- Social contracts are involved in all human aairs, including or collective
perceptions of our own minds
- Psychopathologies, from hysteria to depression, are not discovered, but
‘made’. They are decided upon
The 4 Ds: Deviance
-People with psychological disorders typically fall in the extremes
Distress, Dysfunction and Danger
- Distress: Intense negative feelings of sadness, anxiety, despair
- Dysfunction: Behaviour interferes with ability to function properly
- Danger: Behaviour is dangerous to self or to others
-If a condition meet all criteria, likely it can be considered a psychological
DSM: The Guidebook for Clinicians to Diagnose Mental Disorders
-4Ds of abnormality
-Clinical Consultation
-Advocacy Groups
-General Public
Each DSM has Signi(cant Changes
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
oDecits in social communication and social interaction
oRestricted repetitive behaviours, interests and activities
-People criticize this as broadening the critical diagnosis of ASD
-Huge jump in diagnosis
oUnderdiagnosed in the past
oEnvironmental changes – pressures, anxiety’s that are contributing
oToxins in the environment
Functional Signi(cance of “Disorder” is Relative to Context
-Extended lifespan – now open to new conditions aecting our health people
in the past did not face
-Dyslexia would be irrelevant in a preliterate society
De(ning Traits of Dyslexia
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version