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Lecture 11

PSYCH 1XX3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Mental Disorder, Dementia, Dsm-5

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Joe Kim

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April 1 2013
- 5 Stages of Grief:
- Matching learning styles leads to better grades:
Learning styles and 5 stages of grief are common in that there is no scientific evidence to back up
any of the two theories. It is just common knowledge which nobody tries to disprove
- The 4 D’s:
People with psychological disorders typically fall in extremes – deviate from the norm
If deviant behavior leads to uncomfortable feelings or poses a problem to the person experiencing
it, we can decide that the person is abnormal.
Synaesthesia: it is not normal but we do not consider this a mental disorder – it is not in the DSM
Huntington’s Disease: strange motoric behaviors that coincide with dementia. There is a genetic
basis, this should be a mental illness because of the dementia – it is in the DSM
Major Depression: agreed that is a mental illness
- How do we treat a psychological disorder?
The framework you use will affect how you try to treat it
General public was brought into a discussion on DSM-5
- Depression:
Psychodynamic model: Freud believed that any maladaptive process or disorder was a result of
the unconscious mind. A person experiencing depression has a childhood trauma that triggered the
depression and there is a conflict.
Whole idea of the treatment is for the psychologist to get very close to the patient to help
develop their ego and to help identify the root of the problems in order to treat it
Psychoanalysis has gone down in popularity because it is difficult to test things
Cognitive model: Depression is a result of misinterpreting information from the world and looking
at it in a maladaptive way – look at everything negatively
Behaviorist model: interested in the actual behavior, not what is happening in the mind
Cognitive and behavioral model approach depression in a psychodynamic way – they are not
interested in what’s happening in the brain
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy:
How do you think about yourself and others? (Cognitive)
How do actions affect your thoughts? (Behavior)
Has been found to be very effective when treating depression
- Biological – Malfunctions in brain activity:
Any situation where you can find a genetic component/neural mechanism – people will believe it’s
a mental disorder
People have a strong bias toward a biological model
Psychosurgery: Biological approach gone wrong:
In 1940-1950, psychosurgery became popular as a treatment for conditions that exhibit
aggressive types of behavior. People thought that if someone is experiencing rage, one
way to treat this would be to disconnect the mid-part of the brain (i.e. amygdala). A
patient who was diagnosed with this condition would have a lobotomy done in the
doctors office.
It seemed to work and they won a Nobel Prize – 20000 people underwent this procedure
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT):
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