PSYCH 2AP3 Lecture Notes - Oppositional Defiant Disorder, High-Functioning Autism, Dsm-5

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Intellectual and language impairments, motor deficits, disruptive or challenging behaviours and prone to anxiety, depression (comorbidity) General intellect: have mental retardation and language and abstract reasoning deficit. Motor development: dysdiadochokinesia, gait or balance, abnormal muscle tone, reflexes and co-ord. Sort faces by physical feature not emotion. Brain area used to process objects not faces used. 70% comorbid with another disorder; anxiety, adhd, oppositional defiant disorder. Deficit in understanding mental states, lying, jokes, sarcasm, what others know. Criticism: social impairment before tom, tom and communication emerge independently, tom found in high functioning autism. Males are systematisers and females are empathizer, autism is extreme male brain. Explains social disability in autism, savant abilities, ritualistic behaviour. Assortive mating between systematisers; poa more likely to have systematisers fathers, Valproic acid and autism: vpa moms have 10% asd children. Brain has too many connections, hyper reactive to stimuli so individuals withdraw to cope with chaos.

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