PSYCH 2C03 Lecture Notes - Murder Of Kitty Genovese, Pluralistic Ignorance, Social Influence

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Social Influence 2: Bystander Intervention Model
Kitty Genovese
- Attacked for duration of 30-35 mins, man attacked her and she starts to scream, screams for
help. Other people come out to look around, the attacker leaves because nobody called police
and made a response. The attacker comes back and finishes the job. 38 witnesses but they
weren’t sure what was happening so did not make a response. In the press new Yorkers were
called cruel apathetic creatures. Everyone looked out the window and deduced that nothing bad
was happening because nobody else made a response
- Why did nobody help?
o Cruelty?
o Apathy?
o Conformity?
- Latane and Darley’s (1970) Bystander Intervention Model
o Ambiguity
Takes us time to realize what an emergency is. (Might be thinking it’s just
children playing, or “are filming making a movie?”)
A lot of emergencies are ambiguous so we look around at what other people
are doing. But what other people are doing are the exact same thing we are
doing. (pluralistic Ignorance)
o Pluralistic ignorance
because of normative pressures not to stick out ex: this is an emergency but
does not want to freak out and be the only one who overreacts (normative
pressure) everyone feels the same. (due to normative pressures we remain calm)
(due to informational pressures we look around for other peoples reaction)
therefore we fail to react to the emergency situation
Kitty Genovese witnesses everyone looks calm (normative) looks at other
people who are also being calm and comes to conclusion that it’s not an
emergency (informative)
o Diffusion of responsibility trying to justify why you shouldn’t do something, when
there are other people in the area. As the number of witnesses increases steadily up to
7 people.
I don’t want to get involved; I have work in the morning.
I don’t have any combat skills, I don’t want to go out there
Someone else would do it.
Im not qualified to do this; someone else better qualified can do it.B
o Plural Ignorance
Princeton Drinking Study (prentice & Miller)
Everyone’s smart educated people but everyone is binge drinking
How comfortable are you with drinking on campus
How comfortable is average Princeton student with drinking on campus?
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Document Summary

Attacked for duration of 30-35 mins, man attacked her and she starts to scream, screams for help. Other people come out to look around, the attacker leaves because nobody called police and made a response. The attacker comes back and finishes the job. 38 witnesses but they weren"t sure what was happening so did not make a response. In the press new yorkers were called cruel apathetic creatures. Everyone looked out the window and deduced that nothing bad was happening because nobody else made a response. Latane and darley"s (1970) bystander intervention model: ambiguity. Takes us time to realize what an emergency is. (might be thinking it"s just children playing, or are filming making a movie? ) A lot of emergencies are ambiguous so we look around at what other people are doing. But what other people are doing are the exact same thing we are doing. (pluralistic ignorance: pluralistic ignorance. As the number of witnesses increases steadily up to.

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