PSYCH 2C03 Lecture Notes - Illusory Correlation, Confirmation Bias, Information Processing

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Published on 22 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 2C03
Theories Based on Cognitive Processes
How automatic cognitive processes lead us to stereotype our outgroups
What are people themselves doing that seems to lead us to feel discomfort
Is it all just based on these larger group processes?
Cognitive theories of Prejudice
1. Development of stereotypes
We use cog short cuts that we don’t examine much, and don’t know we are using them
We use cognitive energy saving practices, that will have an maintain stereotypes
Using short cuts not deep thinking
Illusory correlation
Outgroup homogenelty
2. Maintenance of sterotypes
Outgroup homogenetly
Information processing bias
Development of stereotypes: illusory correlation
Known as shared distinctiveness
Correlation between 2 unrelated things because we see them happen at the same time
When 2 distinct events co-occur we mistakenly assume that they will always co occur
Eg gen tojo
Jap general
First japanese that most americans have ever seen, he was distinct to them
His glasses were weird and strange, distinct person (asian) wearing a distinct
thing on his face (glasses)
African-american stereotyped stupid because they weren't allowed to read or write
Marshans
See marshan and pees into potted plant and think all marshans are disgusting
Distinct Marshan and distinct behaviour and now you believe that marshans are
disgusting
You created an illusory correlation
Cog shortcut and you think from now on you avoid all marshans
Mock illusory correlation data
See someone in distinct vs non-distinct whos doing something either distinct vs non distinct
Disinct person and distinct behaviour
Distinct behaviour by non distinct person recalled significantly less than above
Non distinct behaviour with distinct person
Nondistinct behaviour with non-distinct person
They are both recalled equally
You need both things to be distinct at once * for it to be recalled significantly and viewed as distinct
Illusory--illusion that these two things will go together
Development and maintenance of stereotypes: outgroup homogeneity
What is outgroup homogeneity
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Document Summary

How automatic cognitive processes lead us to stereotype our outgroups. What are people themselves doing that seems to lead us to feel discomfort. Cognitive theories of prejudice: development of stereotypes. We use cog short cuts that we don"t examine much, and don"t know we are using them. We use cognitive energy saving practices, that will have an maintain stereotypes. Correlation between 2 unrelated things because we see them happen at the same time. When 2 distinct events co-occur we mistakenly assume that they will always co occur. First japanese that most americans have ever seen, he was distinct to them. His glasses were weird and strange, distinct person (asian) wearing a distinct thing on his face (glasses) African-american stereotyped stupid because they weren"t allowed to read or write. See marshan and pees into potted plant and think all marshans are disgusting. Distinct marshan and distinct behaviour and now you believe that marshans are disgusting.

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