Class Notes (905,556)
CA (538,426)
McMaster (42,941)
PSYCH (5,371)
PSYCH 2H03 (137)
Lecture

Ch. 1 - Intro.pdf

2 Pages
100 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2H03
Professor
Judith Shedden

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Description
PNB  2XC3   Chapter  1:  Introduction     Cognition   • Cognitive  psychology  is  the  study  of  mental  processes  such  as  perceiving,  remembering,  and  reasoning.     Ernst  Weber  (1795-­‐1878)   • The  amount  of  physical  energy  necessary  to  produce  a  change  in  sensation  is   proportional  to  the  original  level  of   physical  energy.     Gustav  Fechner  (1801-­‐1887)   • Based  on  Weber’s  discovery  –  physical  energy  and  the  psychological  experience  of  that  energy  are  related  by  a   logarithmic  function.     Wilhelm  Wundt  (1832-­‐1920);  Edward  Titchener  (1867-­‐1927);  William  James  (1842-­‐1910)   • Early  Focus:  Introspection;  “qualities”  of  mental  experience;  Importance  of  intentionality  and  volition  to  conscious   thought.  Unfortunately,  there  was  also  this  idea  that  we  can not  predict  the  contents  of  conscious  t hought  or   mental  experience  in  the  manner  prescribed  by  physical  science.     Introspection   • The  examination/observation  of  one's  own  mental  and  emotional  processes.   • Introspection  Exercises:   o What  is  your  phone  number?     o What  was  your  phone  number  at  the  previou s  place  you  lived?     o How  intense  is  your  thirst  after  eating  a  bag  of  salty  peanuts?     o What  was  your  third  grade  teacher’s  name?       Behaviorism   • Looks  only  at  observable  behavior,  what  happens  inside  the  head  doesn’t  matter.   • Conscious  experience  is  subjective,  and  therefore  unreliable  and  unverifiable     The  Emergence  of  Cognitive  Psychology   • Behaviorism  dominant  from  1920 -­‐1955   o Advantage  of  dealing  entirely  with  observables,  but  could  not  produce  detailed  or  adequat
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