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Lecture 16

PSYCH 3CB3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Penis Envy, Toilet Training, Oral Stage


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 3CB3
Professor
Steven Brown
Lecture
16

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Lecture #16
Personality Part IV
ŸThe concept ‘mojo’ (modern translation of a Freudian concept of libido) refers to life energy, a concept
popularized by Jim Morrison in the 1950s, then later seen in Austin powers
ŸThree major forces in the 20th century, three major perspectives/movements of the human behaviour
including psychoanalysis, behaviourism and its modern variation, and humanism
ŸPsychoanalysis originates from Sigmund Freud, very dark view of the human condition, he saw people
as fundamentally unhappy and incapable of happiness, dark animals caged by civilization, general state
of discontent
ŸWe have multiple motivations of what and how we act, and we are completely unaware of what
motivates us, there are outside of our awareness for good reason
ŸDark view that humans are determined by motives that are determined to control and govern our
behaviour
ŸFreud had multiple theories and hypotheses about human behaviour, and development, human mind
structural model and the layers of human experience (conscious to unconscious)
ŸHe was trained as a neurologist and opened a private neurology practise and began to see a variety of
conditions
ŸPeople who weren’t pregnant said they were, people who said they ere blind, who really weren’t,
people who said they were sick, who weren’t sick, something psychological about their ‘symptoms’
ŸFreud began to ask patients to talk about what happened in their lives, and earlier in their lives in their
childhood, and what he found was that there
ŸHe hypothesized that there are occasions where people experience psychological conflicts that are
hidden from awareness and emerge as physical symptoms, and the proper way to treat these problems
was through talking to the patients, not by medications
ŸHe introduced the ‘talking cure’ which we know today as psychotherapy
ŸThis was a prolific guy, he wrote extraordinary amount, generates hypotheses as he saw patients, and
developed multiple writings into 23 volumes of writing and thinking constituting the most ambitious
attempt to account for human behaviour, maps of the mind
ŸFreud is known for two things, sex and aggression
ŸFreud was deeply influenced by Darwin, much of human behaviour was driven by instinct
ŸHe postulated there were two kinds of instincts, one set that was based on preservation and surviving
and the second set concerning reproduction
ŸHe later tied these two instincts together into a single concept called ‘libido’
ŸLibido is connected to sexuality, but not only about sexuality, but its any life sustaining urge or impulse
ŸHis idea around sexuality and libido was far broader than sexual pleasure, but anything that is life
sustaining, satisfying, or pleasure oriented urge, force of all energy in the mind
ŸHe relabelled the libido as Eros in the end to prevent an alternate motivation which he came to
recognize later in his career concerning motivations to aggress and to harm, an innate impulse to
destroy things, called fanatos, any urge to destroy or harm or aggress against others or one self
ŸThis second motivation emerged much later, so much of his thinking was about libido, energy that
fuels the system
ŸWhats important of how people develop and personality develops, the libido has a process, pre-
ordained, it emerges then migrates throughout the body, it is organized within various parts of the body
called erogenous zones, areas of the body that become associated with pleasure (stage model)
ŸEach stage describes an organization for the libido
ŸThe first of these stages is the oral stage, in the first month of life, the libido is organized around the
mouth and the lips, its pleasurable to eat and ingest food, nutrition, the little baby enjoys being fed, o
proxies/substitutes to being fed like thumb sucking
ŸPrimary concern infants work through about dependency and ability to trust caregivers
ŸThe structural component of personality develops called the id
ŸAcquisition of nutrition becomes more proactive as the infant becomes a toddler, and more concerned
about autonomy an mastery instead of dependency and trust
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