PSYCH 3CD3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Dispositional Attribution, Ingroups And Outgroups, Henri Tajfel

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Biased Behaviour (Bargh et al, 1996)
Black shover = dispositional attribution than situational
Black shover = more violent than fun
Barb et al study
Elderly primed group walked 1 second slower than neutral primed subjects
Behaviour can be influences by stereotypes as well
Computer facilitated BORING experiment done only with White Subjects
Subliminal because it was outside of their awareness
Confirmed with later questionnaire "did you see anything odd about the computer
Subjects were being subliminally primed with black or white faces
As the boring experiment is about to finish the computer "crashes" and subject is told to re-
do it
This exchange between subject and researcher is recorded
Hostility via body language and facial expression
This recording is judged by raters (blind to the condition) for hostility
Subjects who were exposed to black faces had a SIGNIFICANTLY MORE hostile
reaction than subjects who were exposed to white faces
Having been primed with category "black" so the stereotypes are being activated
(anger, hostility) which are seeping out in the behaviour of the subject.
This in real world application can lead to unconscious self-fulfilling prophecy
WHAT does this mean?!
Experiment by Barb et al
We categorize everything
Stereotypes happen with Person Categories
We include explanatory information in categories
Most basic and primitive way to differentiate
Doesn’t have to be important to you
It is just a group you belong to
We like to categorize people in groups of US and THEM
In Groups give us a sense of belonging and identity
Variance on importance on all groups you belong to (importance being how much sense of
self is attached to it)
General summary of every person in the outgroup
Outgroup Homogeneity
Preserve self-esteem due to belonging in the group with a terrible person (i.e.
Child molester)
Ingroup Heterogeneity
Once we have categorized people we have:
Does belonging to a group automatically make it better and awesome?
Does importance of the group to your sense of self make a difference?
Then by nature what about the Outgroup?!
Ingroup Favouritism
In-Group and Out-Group Categorization
Lecture 3
Psych 3CD3 Page 1
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