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Hinduism Lecture.docx

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
RELIGST 1B06
Professor
Ann Pearson
Semester
Fall

Description
Hinduism Lecture Why should arjuna fight? (Krishna to Arjuna) 1. The vedic argument *“un-Aryan”+ a. Get up and fight, you are an Aryan 2. The upanishadic argument [can’t kill the atman] a. “you cannot kill the life that is in you (the soul)” 3. The Dharmashastric argument [dharma as a Kshatriya] a. Says arjuna “you are a Kshatriya (warrior) and it is part of your dharma to fight b. The war is seen to be inevitable, Krishna calls on Arjuna and says it’s his moral duty to fight, c. In the next 15 chapters, Krishna introduces new teachings The new teachings (the “3 yogas”): In these, the bavagita takes many known words and gives them new meaning 1. Karma-yoga – the path of desireless action 2. Jnana – yoga – the path of knowledge 3. Bhakti-yoga – the path of devotional love Summary of key teachings of the Bhagavad Gita 1. “freedom lies not in renunciation of the world, but in disciplined action” 2. Karma-Yoga: everyone has to act, even God never ceases from acting; thus, act, but perform you actions without attachment to the fruit or result of action – ‘right action’ and motive/intent more important than outcome a. (act in an informed way, everyone’s actions differ from others, its process that matters, results cannot be controlled) do what is right and have an informed intention, do the right action because it’s the right thing to do, not because you want reward from others 3. Bhakti-yoga: it is easier to perform karma-yoga alongside bhakti-yoga: offer your actions to god as a sacrifice. Loving devotion is the most efficacious form of religion 4. All people, even women and Shudras can embark on the path to spiritual liberation 5. god “descends” (avatara) in human form from time to time to restore dharma (when it has become corrupted) – Krishna reveals himself as the god Vishnu for the first time. Theophany, self-revelation of god 6. All forms of god are ultimately just one. The one god accepts all forms of devotion, simple or complicated, if offered in a spirit of pure-heartedness. – hinds found in vedas, new is the theistic view of god, who isn’t associated with just one element but is associated with everything Hindu views of the divine a. Monistic (there is only one ultimate substance, one reality) b. Theistic: god is the supreme being, lord, ruler, creator; is personal and in active relationship with his
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