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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Differene of Anti & Non Violence Sep 11.docx

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Religious Studies
Ann Pearson

Lecture 2: Difference between Non-Violence, Anti-Violence & Peace Sep.-11-13 -Peace is: an end -Anti-Violence: position that rejects use of violence; lobbies for its reduction Non-Violence: 2 Principal Usages (1) Ethic or principle; a spiritual imperative (2) Strategy, applying nonviolent tactics to achieve specific ends Non-Violent Tactics: -Gandhi & the salt march -The strive is to become more & more non-violent each day (Gandhi called for this as well) Argument: Humans by nature are aggressive & violent * Descriptions of Non-Violence: Mahatma Gandhi -“Avoiding injury to anything on earth, in thought, word & deed” • It’s about being active & trying to make a change, without having to resort to the use of violence -“The greatest force at the disposal of humanity” -Denies the concept of an enemy -Both a means & an end • Theme of love is very important, it’s not about romantic love, much deeper than that -Calls forth the greatest courage • Freedom from will, hate & ill & an overflowing love for all Martin Luther King, Jr. -“Nonviolence is the right and good use of power” • Power in itself is not positive or negative, it depends on how it is used -A “potent weapon” for social and collective transformation, based on love and renunciation of violence • Avoiding external as well as internal violence of spirit • If you want to change external behaviour you have to start changing what’s going on in your head • Have to realize that your behaviour has consequences & have to become conscious & control your actions. Understand the long term consequences of your actions -It “means avoiding not only external physical violence but also internal violence of spirit. You not only refuse to shoot a man, but you refuse to hate him.” César Chavez (labour organizer) -“Non-violence is not inaction. It is not discussion. It is not for the timid or weak... Non-violence is hard work. It is the willingness to sacrifice. It is the patience to win.” • Non-violence takes time because it involves the transformation of relationships, whilst violence is done right away Joan Baez (folk singer, social activist) -“That's all nonviolence is - organized love.” Robert Holmes -To answer the question ‘what is nonviolence’? Requires “considering how people would act under various kinds of circumstances, & why… Most of us are nonviolent most of the time… It is when confronted with violence, threats, lawlessness, injustice or oppression that most people think violence is justified.” -A nonviolent approach says that violence is rarely justified. It requires meeting those kinds of circumstances with another kind of response… refusing to see the ‘other’ as enemy, as well as acts of civil disobedience, passive resistance, strikes, boycotts, sit-ins, protests, fasts, refusal to pay taxes, etc. Theorist Smith-Christopher: -“Nonviolence includes not only the refusal to engage in lethal activities, but it also presumes a commitment to strive for conditions of fairness, justice, and respect in human relations. -It implies an active commitment to social change… • Resulting in a more democratic solution in order to enhance human enterprise & avoid warfare -A determination to create the kind of social environment that radically reduces the conditions that give rise to violence In sum, nonviolence -Includes a set of assumptions about morality, power & conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence/coercive force in any efforts to attain personal, social or political ends -As an ethic -- upholds the vie
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