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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Anti & Non Violence Cnt'd Sep 16.docx

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McMaster University
Religious Studies
Ann Pearson

Lecture 3 Sep 16-13 Last Week: Theorist Daniel Smith-Christopher -“Nonviolence includes not only the refusal to engage in lethal activities, but it also presumes a commitment to strive for conditions, of fairness, justice & respect in human relations -It implies an active commitment to social change… -A determination to create the kind of social environment that radically reduces the conditions that give rise to violence Culture of Peace/ Culture of Violence -“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired, signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed.” (1953) [Former US President Dwight Eisenhower, 1883-1969] • People power has been on the rise; many mass movements to get a rid of slavery or fight for women to vote th • All these mass movements started in the 19 century • “Rise of the people power” Culture of Peace/Culture of War -“The grim fact is that we prepare for war like precocious giants, and for peace like retarded pygmies.” (1957) [former Canadian PM & Nobel Peace Prize recipient, L. B. Pearson, 1897-1972] Global military spending -Estimated at 1.12 trillion (with the US accounting for over ½ of that amount) • Recently, there has been a budget fiasco with the military in the US -Following a significant decrease after the end of the ‘Cold War’, military spending started to increase again after 1998; slight decline recently -Equals 2.5% of the world’s GDP (or $173. per capita) • If that money was used to help with low-income housing or feeding the homeless it would be a lot more effective rather than using it on the military -See Canada’s military spending -In 2007 hit its highest level since WWII (18 billion per year; 2.3% more than during the Cold War peak in 1952-53); 2009-10: spending rose further to 21.2 billion; 2013? Going… down th th -13 highest in the world; 6 among NATO countries -By the end of March 08, Canada spent at least 7.2 billion on military missions related to Afghanistan; final amount still not public -Canada spent as much $ fighting in Afghanistan and contributing to the ‘war on terrorism’ as it did at t
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