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Lecture 12

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Religious Studies
Ann Pearson

st Religious Studies 2H03 October 21 Lecture Genesis − People foul the earth with violence and corruption − God intervenes to destroy human society − Noah and the Flood − Tower of the Babel --> & confounding of human language − God of the Bible Jewish Slema (literally “hear”) Deuteronomy 6:4 the “first Covenant (berith): − Abinding contract between God and human beings (God sets out laws & guidance, in turn, humans who are party to the covenant are expected to obey) − The Israclites set apart by God conferred with speical responsibilities to carry (transmot and practice God's commandments) − God frequently intervenes in human history, event directs hisotry – for God lives his creation and wishes to see it prosper The Ten Commandments (conveyed to Moses; book of Exodus ch. 20) − God chooses to lead slaves − Jesus did not aggregate these commendments 1) You shall have no other gods before me 2) no graven images (idols) 3) no verbal blasphemy 4) observe the Sabbath day 5) Honour thy father and thy mother 6) do not commit murder 7) do not commit adultery 8) do not steal 9) do not bear false witness against your neighbour 10)do not covet your neighbour's wife (or property in general) The biblical prophets (Amos, Isaial, Jeremiah, etc.) − Called on the Israclites to remember the Covenant with God − Christian theologian Rosemary Ruether: − “Prophete faith denounces religious ideologies and systems that function to justify and sanctify the dominant, unjust social order” - portrayed as contrary to god's will. Vision of Isahiah (2:4) “In the days to come” − “He [God] shall judge between the nations and shall arbitrate for many peoples; thy shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nations shall not lift up sword against, nation, neither shall they learn war any more.” Rabbi Hillel the Elder, taught betwen 30 BCE and 10 BCE − Asked to summarize the Torah, he said: − What is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbour: that is the entire Torah; The rest is commentary; go and learn it.” Key Jewish teachings focus on: − Unity and uniqueness of God (monotheism) − Covenant's Law − Obedience (to God); Faith; Holiness/Sanctity − Righteousness (boiled down to kindness and charity, also connected with justice, e.g., as described in Micah 6:8) Other important themes in jewish rabbinical teachings: − Concept of the messiah − Repairing the world (tikkun Olam) – setting the world right under the kingship of god − making peace (shalom al khem - “peace be with you”) − Rabbi Simeon bar Yohai said: “Great is peace for all blessings are contained in it, as it says, the Lord will bless his people with peace.” (Psalm 29:11) − The world's disrepair is caused by humans, before we start repairing the world, we must repair humankind first Religious Studies 2H03 October 23 Lecture rd Other importannt themes in Jewish rabbi
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