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Lecture 19

Lecture 19 (November 28).docx

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Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELIGST 2I03
Professor
Joe Larose

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Lecture 19 (Wednesday, November 28, 2012) – Ascetic Practices and Their Benefits  The Acaranga Sutra Acaranga sutra = behaviour/conduct teaching  ­ Each book has a specific topic (i.e. begging for food, regulations of possessions, proper speech, etc.) ­ This one was on walking  ­ c5th CE  ▯early canonical Jain literature ­ The Jains themselves understand that their canonical literature was late ­ Great concern for non – harm to life Rain retreat = four months in the year during the rainy season, Buddhist and Jain monks are not  supposed to travel, life proliferates  ­ This was a way also to practice for permanent monastery practices  ­ Mundane interactions with the world were meant to be prescribed and prohibited  ­ You are supposed to stay silent when someone tries talking to you ­ It is possible that this social withdrawal did result in conflict and persecution ­ Rules what to do when you are thrown out of a boat  ­ You are supposed to in that case is tell them to stop and that you will jump out yourself  ­ You are supposed to do that without any good feelings or bad feelings about it  ­ You can see this kind of restrictions on travel to safe countries  ­ There are stories of Mahavira undertaking his ascetic practices and also being prosecuted for taking  these practices  Svetambara Monks/Nuns ­ Mouth coverings on for the accidental ingestion of insects and other things ­ First picture is a 19  century picture, the second one is more recent ­ The whisk is used to sweep the ground as they walk  ­ The use of these whisks to clean the ground goes back to medieval monasticism  ­ Jain monks are said to have been ‘walking like elephants’ because of the whisk  The Aupapatika Sutra ­ Also a canonical Jain text from C5th CE  1 Lecture 19 (Wednesday, November 28, 2012) – Ascetic Practices and Their Benefits  ­ Only canonical to the Svetambara community  ­ Covering the meaning of the text is very difficult  ­ Mahavira, the last gina, 
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