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Intro to Islam October 15

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Religious Studies
Liyakat Takim

Started on: 10/15/2013 3:02:00 PM Last saved on: 11/10/2013 6:11:00 PM C LASS N OTES FOR : 2Q03 I NTRO TO ISLAM McMaster University, Fall 2013 S UNDAY , N OVEMBER 10, 13 QUIZ FORMAT - Multiple Choice, 20 Questions, 25 minutes (5 possible answers for each questions) - Only Lecture Notes Midterm – Study guideline is provided Jaffar Asaid – School of Thought/Law (Jaffari Shi’a) K HAWAJARI  Anyone can be a caliph  If caliph is corrupt can be killed  Relation between faith and actions  Charisma and Community (People of Heaven)  Anyone who sins and who did not accept their view was out TH 12 IMAM – M AHDI - At the end of the time there will come a figure who will fight injustice - A Messianic Figure; Someone who will save people by fighting evil, establishing the kingdom of God; a kingdom based on Justice and Equality (Not mentioned in the Qur’an, but comes from the Hadith) - The idea of the Mahdi is there in Islam in both Sunni and Shi’a (Hadith) - The main difference is WHO is going to be the Mahdi o For the Sunnis he will be born at the end of Time; Name will be the same name as the Prophet’s name “Muhammad”  1979 Siege of the Mosque (In Mecca) was seized by Gunmen; (concept of the Mahdi)  The Qur’an does not mention anything about Jesus or about Mahdi. Although it mentions Jesus, it does not tell that Jesus will come back, only the Hadith mention Jesus and Mahdi. o For the Shi’a: The Mahdi was already born, he was born in 860 and is still alive for the Shi’a and he’s in a state of Ghayba (occultation; unseen; alive but not seen;) (SHIA HADITH)  Because of the dangers to his life, he’s in a state of occultation;  (1- Minor) SHORT 864 – When his father died, until about 940 when he was 70 years old. In which he was able to communicate with his agents, people could see him, although very few  (2 - Major) LONG 940+ and will continue till the end of time. He cannot be seen by anyone. 1 Started on: 10/15/2013 3:02:00 PM Last saved on: 11/10/2013 6:11:00 PM U LAMA - Scholars U MAYYAD D YNASTY – F OLLOWERS OF M U ’AWIYA / - Mu’awiya o Leader of the Umayyad (Major tribe during the time of the Prophet) o Initially opposed the Prophet, but afterwards accepted. - Abu Sufyan o Wife: Hind - Tribal Rivalry; - Uthman and then Ali Succeeded; and Ali fought a battle with Mu’awiya in (SIFFIN) - Agreement between Hassan and Mu’awiya, after Mu’awiya dies the leadership should go to Hassan and then Husayn. - With Mu’awiya the first dynasty in Islam o Leadership goes from father to son, brother to brother, and within a particular clan. o Islam became an Empire; a political empire spreading fast. o Umayyad controlled it. - Medina (Original Capital)  KUFA (By Ali)  DAMASCUS (Mu’awiya) ISLAMIC ARMY - The Islamic army continued to spread; Navigators; Mediterranean Sea belonged to Muslims through the utilization of boats; ships; etc. - 711 – Muslims Entered Spain; Captured Morocco and then captured Jab altar (UK); The man who captured it (Tariq); were to remain in Spain until the year Columbus got lost in 1492 when Muslims were driven out of Spain. - 731 Poitiers – battle between Muslims and French - Umayyad had a particular agenda; Islam was primarily for the Arabs; If you were a Muslim but not an Arab (Persian, Black, etc. – Second class Muslim); MAWLA (belonged, but were not a full Muslim, which goes against the idea of Equality in Islamic practice). - Islam became an Empire Religion REVOLT - KHARIJIS revolted against the Umayyad; - Shi’a revolted against the Umayyad; - Advantages given to the Arabs; D OME OF THE R
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