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Intro to Islam November 5

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McMaster University
Religious Studies
Liyakat Takim

Started on: 11/5/2013 4:33:00 PM Last saved on: 11/10/2013 6:11:00 PM C LASS N OTES FOR : 2Q03 McMaster University, Fall 2013 T UESDAY , NOVEMBER 5, 2013 ISLAMIC LAW – SHARI A - Laws are important because they put the ethical commands into actions - The Qur’anic values and principles of the Qur’an are put into action through the law; - God wants us to be good human beings, but we have to follow the law of God; - To worship God, we have to perform the laws of God; - Shari’a (a place where there is water) o When Muslims follow Shari’a, they’re going to the water place of God where they can quench their thirst; o Similar to orthodox Jews who are very law centered; Halaqa o Jews and Muslims do not consume pork o Jews eat Kosher, Muslims eat Halal - Live by the commands of God; - These commandments are implemented by the laws of God; in order to make us better human beings; - Pray so as to become spiritually collected; - Fasting, is connected to Taqwa (being aware of God) - Faith is connected to the Shari’a o Islamic Law is seen as comprehensive and uniform; it covers each and every part of your life; o Public and private life; - No such thing as secularism in Islam; S OURCES QURAN – W ORD OF G OD ; - Because it’s the word of God; no Muslim could disobey the word of God; - The Qur’an is not a book of Law; hardly 600 verses - Although it is the first source of law, it’s not the only source of law; SUNNAH / HADITH – T HE PRACTICES OF THE PROPHET ; - Obedience to God, through obedience to the Prophet; - Sunnah becomes an extension of the revelation - Three components o Consent (acquiesce – supposing someone said something and the prophet did not object, means that he is ok with it) o Speech o Action (what he did and what he refused) - Problem is that the Sunnah at the beginning was not uniform; 1 Started on: 11/5/2013 4:33:00 PM Last saved on: 11/10/2013 6:11:00 PM o It was fluid; o The sunnah varied according to location; o What the law was depended on where you were; o As Islam spread, new cultures and new people came into the fold of Islam; bringing with them their understanding of what is correct and what is the law; therefore not uniform at all; - Movement of the Capital from Medina, Kufa, etc. o These capitals became the centers of the law; o Abu Hanifa was a person who used his reasoning a lot; ra’y o Whenever he had an issue and many issues arose which were not there at the time of the prophet;  In the particular issue of question of whether a girl can married without the consent of the guardian; yes. (Hanif)  Hanbali (always have the permission of the guardian) - Malik B. Anas o Insisted that the Sunnah of Medina is the Sunnah of the Prophet o
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