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Lecture Nov 12.docx

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McMaster University
Religious Studies
Liyakat Takim

- Prophet Mohammed’s first wife was Sawda – older than the prophet, about three years. She already had six children. All of these were permanent marriages - Not sure if Aisha was 9 or between 19-24 and might have been married before that - Most of these women were from Mecca even though the prophet was from Medina – tribal alliances - He was allowed to have more than 4 because of the political circumstances of the time - The twelver shias accepted it when the sunnis banned it – hadith that actually state if you have a wife there is no reason you should go have a temporary marriage. If you keep doing it, you keep making women hate the religion and hate the prophet and his household. If you don’t need to do it and its unnecessary refrain from it. It was allowed but discouraged and frowned upon by many, especially women. - Problem of nuance – jumping to conclusions. Four schools of law in sunni islam. For twelver shias it’s the Japanese? school of law. - Speaking about permanent marriage from this point forward - A man has to provide maintenance – food, clothing, shelter - According to the a malikis a man was obligated to provide his wife with cosmetics – makeup, shampoo, perfume, if she requested it he had to pay for it - Men are the main breadwinners – he doesn’t own the money it belongs to him and his wife - The wife is not obligated to spend her money on anyone except herself and the husband can not say anything about it - Many women did work at home and outside the home – they made clothes with sewing and sell those in the market and make a lot of money. Average wealth of women in the Audiman empire was significantly higher than the average wealth of European men - All of this changes because of industrialization – the industrial revolution had machines that were making tons of clothes in a small time span at a cheap rate and they flood after bankrupting the Audiman which creates debt and women lose their source of income and become more dependent on men to run the household - If she needs medical treatment he doesn’t have to pay for it shes on her own – but for cosmetics he does? This is a way of objectifying women - he cares what she looks like but not her overally health, treated like an object - A lot of times they would give you the wrong treatment – potion that could kill you or cut off your leg. Medicine was really bad - Very dangerous and not recommended to go to a physician because it could end up killing you and that is why the husband was not required to pay for it - Historical nuance is important because you can judge a book by its cover because there may be something deeper under the surface that you don’t known – Islamic law is still developing - Nafaqah – sustenance, food, clothing, shelter, legally obliged to bring her a cup of water if she really needs it - If the husband can afford it he is legally obliged to hire a maid to cook and clean and if not he has to do it himself - She can ask her husband for a wet nurse to feed her kids if she does not want to milk - Ta’ah – certain duties that she needs to submit to – has two components only; one is sex and the other is asking permission to go out of the living quarters (going out of the house) - The only thing that the jurists will agree on - If husband is not fulfilling duties she doesn’t have to obey. He needs to be clean and not be
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