Lecture 5 (Oct 15) 10/15/2013 3:06:00 PM
Ja’ffari assadi – 6thImam. He’s important because he started the school
Khariji belief They were fundamentalist and they killed whoever.
Believed that anyone can be a caliph (as opposed to just Quraysh), and
could be killed. Anyone could do wrong??? They also have notion of
charisma and community They considered themselves the people of
jannah and everyone else were the people of hell.
12 Imaam Mohammad/Mahdi
Massiah Muslims believe that at end of time, somebody will come
to save people by fighting evil and establishing kingdom of God.
Many people have claimed to be the Mehdi, especially in sunni sect.
For Shi’as, Mahdi has already been born (in 860). They believe that he is
still alive but in occultation (ghayba – unseen because of dangers to his
Jesus will come back soon after the Mahdi
These two facts come from Hadith.
Mahdi – the one rightly guided.
864 – 940 – that was the first ghayba. Minor occultation. He was still
alive and could communicate.
After 940 – he could not communicate
Mahdi is in Shi’a hadith, not in sunni hadiths.
Ulama Shi’a scholars take over.
Ummayad The dynasty. Major tribe at time of the prophet. They
opposed him at first but later became muslim.
They wanted power, and they got it through Uthman (3 rd Caliph).
Ali succeeded him after Uthman as killed.
Then Ali fought battle with Siffin. After Ali died, Hassan was going
to start war with Mu’awiya, however his people deserted him. And
thus, had a treaty.
That was the first dynasty. ????????????????
Mu’awiya ruled from Damascus and created an army.
Abu Sufyan Who’s wife, Hind, ate the heart of the Prophet’s uncle.
711 (year of grocery store) Muslims entered Spain for the first time.
Muslims captured Morocco and Jabaltariq (Tariq captured it). Were there
until 1492 Only when Columbus arrived in Spain (1492), Muslims were kicked out of
710 Muslims were in frontier of China. Ummayad was partly
responsible for this.
Ummayad had an agenda… They felt that Islam was primarily for Arabs.
It was for others as well, but they were secondary Muslims. They felt
Arabs were better.
Mawla You belong to a Muslim tribe but you’re not exactly