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Lecture 7

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Religious Studies
Liyakat Takim

Islamic Theology Ahl al-hadith- people of the hadith; for the it is the traditions as the main source of knowledge  the Quran is brief; and does not give details  although the Quran is vital; they put emphasize on hadith as well  Ahmad b-hanabal o one of the four school of legal thought o bilakay- do not ask how  human reasoning is faulty; it is better to rely on a weak tradition; it is not authentic; there is a possibility; according to the people of the hadith  these came to be the Sunni- they emphasize the traditions  there are four schools of law  all companions should be respected; leave decision making to god  regarding the creation of the Quran; it was not created- because there was no tradition- reasoning say that it was created  there is no hadith that said that it was not created o Mamun  imposed the idea that the Quran was created  a democrat; flogged- Hanabal  because of this he became a martyred; and a hero  the break through came through- ash’ari o was a mustzari o came up with the story of the three brothers o based on reasoning asked about the three brothers  Ash’ari o took on the ahl- al hadith; following Ahmed d Hanbal o good and evil are independent; even when we do not know o good and evil are not objective- you know them through revelation o revelation was important- what god tells you o emphasize of the power of god  he tells us who is right and wrong  if god wanted to he could p  mutarzi- said you must punish those who do evil and reward those who do good  god does not create illness, but wellness o ash’ari would argue that you cannot question god; evil and good is up to god  when know that due to hadith  god has human feature; there are traditions that god will put his foot in hell o they believe in the literal interpretation of god o they look at the power of god  and not reasoning o god can do what he likes o justice is not apart of gods attributes  they believe that god can be seen  since they emphasize the power of god; he is the creator of everything  he s the originator of everything  he also creates our actions  the question here is freewill  god is the creator of acts; but he does not make us do them- KASB- means to acquire ; we earn those acts  who would be responsible of evil acts? 
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