Tale Of The Heike (Christianity)
In the 9 century, Kyoto had a population of 100,000?
• Tale of Genji was written around that period (first novel ever?)
• Court reaches pinnacle in the early 11 century, establishes more power, but tension is
Fujiwara Clan (Nakatomi) are one of the most powerful families in Japanese history.
• Power is centralized in Kyoto but families collect taxes around towns to give to Kyoto.
• Government (emperor) gives land to families to separate; military families are created to
enforce a tax system.
Emperor begins to resent the Fujiwara clan because he is jealousy.
• Taira Clan and the government fight against the Minamoto (Genji) and Fujiwara clans.
• Taira no Kiyomori beats the Minamoto clan; he begins to rule over behind the face of the
• Minamoto no Yoritomo retreats and begins to gather troops with his half-brother
Yoshitsune to fight the Taira clan once more.
• Taira Clan are defeated at the battle of Dan no Ura
• All of these stories are gathered in the Tale of the Heike.
Tale of Heike: Things appear, things disappear, things are not constant (rise and fall)
• Heike tells the samurai about their motives, fueled by their bravery and courage from the
• Personal loyalty and absolute devotion, willingness to sacrifice own’s life for a lord or
teacher, determination to fight to the death rather to surrender.
Benkei was a warrior monk and wants to collect a thousand swords; Yoshistune fights Benkei
for the thousandth sword, and Benkei underestimates him and loses.