RELIGST 2QQ3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Abhidharma, Buddhahood, Mahayana

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Religious Studies
Course
RELIGST 2QQ3
Lecture 7 – Buddhism
Three vehicles: Theravada ( Hinayana), Mahayana ,Vajrayana
Theravada ( Hinayana) Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Cambodia,
Laos
Mahayana China, North and South Korea, Mongolia, Japan ,Taiwan ,
Singapore, (Vietnam)
Vajrayana Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, Mongolia, (some forms of tantric Buddhism
are also practiced in Japan and China)
Triple Gems:
oBuddha (the enlightened one)
oDharma (buddhavacana: doctrine and vinaya)
oSamgha (spiritual community)
Buddhism originated in the religious context of the 6th cent B.C. India as part
of the sramana movement
Teaching of the impermanence of the Human self or soul (atman): anatman
= no self
Social egalitarianism (reacted to the oppressive nature of ‘Hinduism’ or
Brahmanical Hinduism)
“middle way”
Siddhartha Gautama. Fifth or fourth century BCE. A prince from a Kingdom of
Southern Nepal, born in Lumbini of the clan of Sakya
Sakyamuni – Sage of the Sakya clan
Samyaksambuddha – perfectly enlightened
The four sights at age 29: Old age, Sickness, Death, monk
The four noble truths
Duhkha (Suffering )
1. There is suffering in samsara
2. Suffering arises from desire
3. There can be an end to our suffering
4. The end of suffering can be attained through following the eightfold
path
The eight fold path –Right-
1. view
2. thought
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3. speech
4. conduct
5. livelihood
6. effort
7. mindfulness
8. meditations
HUMB04 Lecture 8 – Buddhism II
Foundation Teachings of the Buddha:
Four Noble Truths:
1. There is suffering in samsara
2. Suffering arises from desire
3. There can be an end to our suffering
4. The end of suffering can be attained through following the eightfold
path ]
Dependent-origination:
All things are constantly changing: a process, a flux.
These changes effect subsequent changes in other things: karma
The twelve links of the chain of dependent-origination:
1) Ignorance
2) karma formations
3) consciousness
4) body-mind complex
5) six senses
6) sense impressions (contacts)
7) feelings
8) craving
9) grasping
10) ‘becoming’ (the drive to be reborn)
11) rebirth
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