RELIGST 2QQ3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Sectarianism, Mind Control, Secret Society

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Published on 19 Jan 2018
Cults, Conspiracies and Close Encounters Lecture Notes Fall 2017
Lecture One
Cult
Sociology
- A part of a classification system for religion
- Different kinds of religious organizations
History
- Cult refers to specific practices devoted to one deity or religious specialist/saint
Popular Cultures
- Usually refers to a marginalized religious group considered dangerous
(brainwashing, etc)
Church/Eccelsia
- Large, bureaucratic organization that has close ties to the state
- Most individuals in a given society/atio are eers of a hurh
Denomination
- Large, bureaucratic organization that has no official ties to the state
- Membership usually determined by family history
- Many denominations can exist in a society alongside a church
Sect
- Grows out of denomination due to ideological difference
- “etaria’s ie that the origial ody has etrayed its priipals
- Small, separate organizations
Cult
- Tend to be small; intense resistance to mainstream culture, values, norms
- Often secretive regarding primary beliefs
- Often regarded with suspicion by outsiders
- e religious oeets
Cognitive Dissonance
- The psychological discomfort that arises from the human ability to hold two or more
contradictory ideas
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