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Lecture

RELIGST 2VV3 Lecture Notes - Book Of Deuteronomy, Mummu, Documentary Hypothesis


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELIGST 2VV3
Professor
Tristan Carter

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1
SOURCE CRITICISM--CREATION
GENESIS 1-3
OCTOBER 19, 2011
THE TORAH--OVERVIEW
First division of Tanak
Five Books
o Genesis
o Exodus
o Leviticus
o Numbers
o Deuteronomy
TORAH/PENTATEUCH
THE FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
Jews and Christians have traditionally believed that Moses was the author (as well as the co-star) of
the Torah.
Most biblical scholars today believe that many authors composed the Torah.
Two general reasons:
o The way Moses is talked about
o The number of repetitions and duplications in Torah
A DUPLICATION
Exodus 20 (NIV)
8 Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.
9Six days you shall labor and do all your work,
10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your
God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you,
nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or
maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within
your gates.
11 For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the
earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he
rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD
blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
Deuteronomy 5 (NIV)
12Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy, as the
LORD your God has commanded you.
13 Six days you shall labor and do all your work,
14 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your
God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you,
nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or
maidservant, nor your ox, your donkey or any of
your animals, nor the alien within your gates, so
that your manservant and maidservant may rest,
as you do.
15 Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and that the
LORD your God brought you out of there with a
mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore
the LORD your God has commanded you to
observe the Sabbath day.
GENESIS
Can be divided into three parts:
o Primeval History (Genesis 1-11)
o The Story of Abraham and his Sons (12-26)
o The Story of Jacob (Israel) and his Sons (27-50)
A slightly different division:
o Primeval History (Genesis 1-11)
o Ancestral Stories (Genesis 12-36)
o The story of Joseph and the sons (people) of Israel (37-50)
Genesis 1 locates this story in cosmic contextand introduces the entire book, Pentateuch, Bible.
Different sources discoverable throughout Genesis.
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