January 13, 2014, January 16, 2014
Genie - an example of how important socialization is. She was kept in a room away from people
and lived there for years. Nature vs. Nurture debate. Language - is it an innate ability? Or are we
born as a blank slate? Do we learn language through social interaction? Can we bring people
back from being away from socialization?
- The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, knowledge, values, motives, and
roles appropriate to their position in a group or society (Delamater, p.23)
- Socialization is therefore ‘the means by which social and cultural continuity are attained’
Types of Socialization
- Primary - youth, primary, children learn attitudes and values, appropriate behaviour and
responses to situations, family members and close friends are the biggest influences
- Secondary - outside of the family, schools and workplace institutions, appropriate
behaviours in sub groups of society, appropriate attire and behaviour, etc. Obey rules in
society vs. at home rules.
- Anticipatory - anticipated = before we move into a specific rule, we consider what it
would be like to be a student or teacher, not accustomed to position so you consider how
other positions feel (student vs. teacher) role reversal.
- Re-socialization - move from civilian life to military, break you down and rebuild you
(military), entering a prison, Zimbardo’s prison study, how people adopt new rules in a
- Pg. 50-63 DO NOT NEED TO KNOW FOR TEST (Socialization) Social Isolation: Feral Children - The Case of Genie
- Did she miss that critical period of development?
January 16, 2014
Genie and Socialization
- Primary Socialization largely absent for Genie
o Limited social interaction with parents and absent of language
o Confined to room and specific situations (feeding)
- Key processes identified by social learning theory absent
o Instrumental Conditioning
Shaping: gradually increase correspondence between the learner’s
behaviour and the desired response
External reinforcement (reward or negative reinforcement) vs. internal
reinforcement (internalize standards and desire meeting those
standards/values of what’s external to you) Kaiser and Shaping: get me a