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SOCPSY 1Z03 (384)
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January 13th, 16th Socialization

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Social Psychology
Paul Glavin

Social Psychology January 13, 2014, January 16, 2014 Socialization Genie - an example of how important socialization is. She was kept in a room away from people and lived there for years. Nature vs. Nurture debate. Language - is it an innate ability? Or are we born as a blank slate? Do we learn language through social interaction? Can we bring people back from being away from socialization? Socialization - The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, knowledge, values, motives, and roles appropriate to their position in a group or society (Delamater, p.23) - Socialization is therefore ‘the means by which social and cultural continuity are attained’ (Clausen 1989) Types of Socialization - Primary - youth, primary, children learn attitudes and values, appropriate behaviour and responses to situations, family members and close friends are the biggest influences - Secondary - outside of the family, schools and workplace institutions, appropriate behaviours in sub groups of society, appropriate attire and behaviour, etc. Obey rules in society vs. at home rules. - Anticipatory - anticipated = before we move into a specific rule, we consider what it would be like to be a student or teacher, not accustomed to position so you consider how other positions feel (student vs. teacher) role reversal. - Re-socialization - move from civilian life to military, break you down and rebuild you (military), entering a prison, Zimbardo’s prison study, how people adopt new rules in a prison. - Pg. 50-63 DO NOT NEED TO KNOW FOR TEST (Socialization) Social Isolation: Feral Children - The Case of Genie - Did she miss that critical period of development? January 16, 2014 Genie and Socialization - Primary Socialization largely absent for Genie o Limited social interaction with parents and absent of language o Confined to room and specific situations (feeding) - Key processes identified by social learning theory absent o Instrumental Conditioning  Shaping: gradually increase correspondence between the learner’s behaviour and the desired response  External reinforcement (reward or negative reinforcement) vs. internal reinforcement (internalize standards and desire meeting those standards/values of what’s external to you)  Kaiser and Shaping: get me a
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