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Lecture 5

January 20th Lecture 5 - Self & Identity

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McMaster University
Social Psychology
Paul Glavin

January 20 , 2014 Self & Identity - Aroom of candy and the adult would say take one piece of candy then the adult would excuse himself, the experiment entailed to see how much candy they would take. - Treatment Group with mirror would only take one piece - Other group without mirror would take many pieces - When we’re self-aware, we are more likely to follow a set of standards from society and yourself. - It tells us about “the self” - Active impulsive self, reflective self The Self Self-concept / Self-schema: our thoughts about who we are, and our perceptions of our social identities and personal qualities - Self-awareness: to see one’s self differently from society=babies, ability to examine our feelings and thoughts, happens at an early age (amongst animals?) - Self-esteem: the overall emotional evaluation of their own work, self-work, linked to the sense of control - the extent that we believe we have control over our lives. - Self-knowledge: knowledge of the properties of our self (introvert vs. extrovert) Early development of self-awareness - Mirror test - a mirror is put in front of a baby and observing the connection of their own actions in the mirror and realizing its themselves The Nature & Genesis of Self - Our understanding of the Self is drawn from Symbolic Interaction Theory - The self is the individual viewed as both the source and the object of reflexive behavior. o The self is both active (the source that initiates reflexive behavior) and passive (the object toward whom reflexive behavior is directed). - Reflexive behaviour is important to be able to reflect on your actions and plan ahead to imagine ourselves in the future. According to George H. Mead:  The active aspect of the self is labeled the I.  The object of self-action is labeled the me. Charles Horton Cooley: The Looking Glass Self (1902) - People shape themselves based on what other people perceive, and confirm other people's opinion of themselves.  “I am, who I think you think, that I am” - Three components: 1. We imagine how we must appear to others. 2. We imagine the judgment of that appearance. 3. We develop our self through the judgments of others. - Children have ownership but babies are unaware of this Stages in the Development of Self Mead: - Role taking: The process of imaginatively occupying the position of another person and viewing the self and the situation from that person’s perspective. - Mead (1934) identified two sequential stages leading to the emergence of the self in children. - The “I” develops first, then the “me” 1.The Play Stage 2.The Game Stage Mead’s Stages
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