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Origins of the Family Modern Family 90s onwards.docx

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Department
Social Sciences
Course
SOCSCI 2O03
Professor
Geraldine Voros
Semester
Fall

Description
Origins of the Family Modern Family 90s onwards Male Researchers Female Researchers Decline of the nuclear family Modern family  prob of down syndrome goes up, menopause,  More personal take its like the last chance decade to have a kid  11.9% of the 35 – 44 aged f around the 1990s don’t want kids  higher then ever  Chose not to have kids  work is important  We need know that thins happening are diff  Blended fams may become an option with higher divorce rates  Dual income fams  due to decline in income for fams, almost necessary for dual career fams  How does that impact kids  if u are in a dual career fam, ul most likely put off having kids  If u look at previous decade, a 28 year old would be having a one of her later kids, today 28 year old mother is considered a young mother  Positive thing is we learn that the more educated the women is in terms of career, they are content and do a good job In terms of raising their kids  If u have a lousy job and not happy I do a bad job at raising kids  5 difficulties in raising kids in a dual fam  (1) day care  (2)balancing 2 jobs and looking after kids u going to conference am I whos going to take care of kids  (3)family obligations  whos taking the kid for extra cur, taking care of elderly  (4)reconciling conflict in career/personal life  if one partner has to move  (5)cost of raising a child 1991 if we raised a kid from birth to 13 years of age with no extravagen things its 113 300$,+ day care iin first 10 years = 116 000  Today its 167 000$ without daycare  In us its 227 000$ with no day care  extra cuz of healthcare  Trad fams  husband working only they are endangered only 12% of those fams being with that 1 male earner  Dysfunctions  higher risk of poverty, spouses are older and lower level od edu, and more kids, have kids at a younger age, the moms have social/emotional/econ probs from isolation, feel devalued by society  How res is this fam in raising a child  Under great stress and difficulty  Some fams with only wife earning  Trad fams with neither spouse working  at risk  Single parent fams female and male headed homes, usually cuz a spouse had died  ½ kids will live part of their lives in a single parent fam  Free floating anxiety  kids suffer from separation and divorce  Mostly women get custody  But we are trying to move towards joint custody where kid can live with both  Some unmarried mothers, young teenage preggos, artificially simulated  chose not to have partners and mostly they are professional women, also a trend  67% of kids living in a household headed by mom are poor at some ppoint in their life  Single moms who have never been married often they are single parents on average 21 years of age an within 4 years theyl find a partener  Single parent who are divorced and average 32 years and most likely find someone in 6 years  Men have a shorter time, 3 years, to remarry  Cohort of males who have never been married and are raising kids 4% of all male headed households  Male headed households are better off than female  Male and f single rents suffer same probs  Suffer daycare probs, loneliness, isolation, lack of sexual outlet, conflicting demands between work and kids  Still they try to remedy that with another partnership, men are more successful than women  Men get more happy with reconstituted  Common law families  only came to be legal in 1981, prior on the cenus it would be married or living together  What we know is that it is the fastest growing type of fam at present  Usually 2/3 of them end up in a marriage situation  Often times there is a child on the way (.6 child)  Common law fams face the same probs as young fams  Young m and f are ignorant  easy to get in and hard to get out  Young f want common law cuz they want to know if the m can adjust to their idea of freedom and independence  M say they want to see if there is flexibility and egalitarian in the relationship (not a gold digger)  Transitional fam  get married, work for a bit, and then the women takes maternity leave, and then goes back to work  Used to be 10 year outta to work, 5, 2 and now its shrunk to the period the company allows u to stay out of job  Pple try to stay out the least as possible cuz they lose out on pay and sometimes the company lays them off, cant put money awy from rrsp, lose seniority  There is a bill passed, can split income, the husband are assure u  Few fam forms  transitional fams  When we first looked at these, also knows as re-entry fam, either both rents take time off to cater to kids  Traditionally, women would stay outta work for 10, then 5, then 6 months 1 years off to take care of kids depnds on maternity leave  Sometimes the father takes paternity leave  Majority of women are working full/part time along with partner  the length of time women spends taking care of kid has shortened  Now there are looking for daycares  Women and men are reluctant to leave work for too long as it is loss of income and lose out on rrsps and often u fall behind ur colleges and seniority, and some companies say ur job is closed off and leave u with no job  If u have a partner earning u can stay home longer  Both men and women take out time now depending on what is permitting  The universal daycare is an issue with kids  Blended family new fam form which Conway wants us to make a dear note of  Diff researchers call it diff things, also called melded fam and reconstituted, remarriaged  High divorce rates  pple marry other and two fams are blended  What we do know is that these fams are under tremendous amonts of pressure to succeed  Step father provoke more probs particulary regards to ste
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