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Lecture 11

Lecture 11 Oppression and Disability.docx

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Social Work
Sandra Preston

1 Social Work 1A06: Introduction to Social Work Nov. 26 2012 Lecture 11: Oppression and Disability Notes on the Midterm - Issues o Citations  Have to watch out for poor citations – plagiarism  Paraphrasing, quotations etc. o Poor writing  Writing in a hurry etc.  Never hand in something that you’ve written only once  Always review and edit it  Poor grammar, run on sentences, poor spelling etc. o Problems with analysis  Lack of analysis  Stating things without talking about how or why or supporting your work  Analysis: connecting ideas, thinking about things more deeply, not just regurgitating a reading o Do the readings  Readings give more depth into the course material  Help in answering the qs! o Educated/supported personal opinion  She wants your opinion! What do you think?  But present it in an educated/supported way  Say why you think that way, what evidence you have to support that opinion  Conclusions you have come to, understanding of the course material  Want to see that you’ve understood the material, not just regurgitating it  Ask others, talk about these ideas in order to form your opinion  Discuss them! If you don’t understand something, ask o Big words and jargon will not make you look smart  Just annoy the markers  Tendency at uni to think that if you can’t understand something, then it must be smart – not true!  Watch out when using a thesaurus – know what your words mean!  Write plainly but intelligently o Do the work  Takes a lot of work to hand in a good paper  Reading questions carefully o Understand the question  Going to class, doing the readings 2  Take the time to write a draft o Come back to it later and edit it o Read it aloud, hear how it sounds o Give it to a friend to read – do you understand what I’m trying to say? - Note o Questions for exam will be up on avenue  No citations on the exam  3 questions on ave, 2 will be on the exam o Next class – come with questions to class about the exam questions Oppression and Disability - What did you find from the accessibility survey? o Overall, university is trying but there is still a long ways to go o What kinds of barriers did you find?  Difficult to get into a lot of lecture theatres  Inconvenient entrances  Height of desks  Lots of space btw buildings, not enough time btw classes for people with mobility issues – ramps are in out of the way places so people have to go extra far to get in  Elevators are often too small  Anxiety issues  Getting through the student centre when it is busy is probably close to impossible – extremely high traffic when classes change/during lunch  Lecture halls are very crowded o Few exits o Point of this assignment was to argue that disability comes from the environment, not from the challenges that people are facing  Lack of capacity to be open to all forms of interaction - Where does disability come from? o Comes from the environment, not the unique challenges disabled people have - Ablism o Ablism  Assumption that everybody interacts with the world in a way that we define as “normal”  Assumptions of ability o Those of us who can be labelled “abled” are really “temporarily abled” or “presently abled”  We don’t know when an accident etc. will hit us – causing us to be disabled  If we live to old age, we will likely face some form of disability 3 o False Dichotomy  Puts abled people on one side, disabled on the other  Created by our enviro and the way that we expect people to be - Visible and invisible challenges o Tend to think of disability/accessibility as visible challenges  E.g. someone in a wheelchair o Ignoring invisible challenges is an issue as visible challenges are just a small part of disability  E.g. Asthma interferes with daily life  When smoking was still allowed in bars, couldn’t go to bars. Now that smoking is allowed – can go to bars o Wasn’t asthma stopping her going to bars, was the smoking  Have to be aware that there are lots of challenges that people face, that quite often they don’t feel they can be open about them  Can’t be open because of stigma associated with invisible issue o Afraid people will think less of you because (e.g.) I have an issue with claustrophobia – won’t use elevators - Accomodation vs. Inclusion o Tend to accommodate  We will fix this problem you have so we can be part of your lives  We will be generous and make sure there are ramps for you  Don’t change the way things work, make little adjustments so people can be part of your world o Inclusion is different  Working to set up the world so that as many people as possible are included, so they don’t have to feel like special consideration has been made for them, so that they are just part of how things are  What if we put ramps everywhere? That was just the way people got into places?  Then everyone could get in a place  Building buildings that allow everyone to get in the same way  Not making the assumption that everyone walks, that everyone breathes in the same way, that everyone learns in the same way etc.  Thinking more broadly o Accommodation is better than nothing  Is the first step towards inclusion o Ablism as holding on to privilege by excluding those who do not fit your definition of able  Exists for the same reason that classism exists – to hold power from particular groups of people - Identity and Self-Esteem 4 o How do we create and maintain ablism at an individual level?  Labelling people as different  Those are the poor, pitiful people over there, not me  Putting the label “dis-abled” on them  People have challenges or disabilities but they are not THE challenge, THE disability – calling someone disabled is similar to saying they are THE disability  Impact on self-esteem o Hurts to be seen as “other” to be seen as “outside the boundary” - Voice o Being disabled hurts your voice  E.g. Everyone wants to add someone with a wheelchair into their promotional pictures for whatever institution/school etc.  Why?  Because they are the token disabled person o Look how inclusive we are! We even accept disabled people!  People speaking for you  People talking to your caregivers rather than to you  Assumption of intelligence o If you have one challenge, you must have all the challenges  People not looking at you, not speaking to you eye-to-eye  People not speaking ABOUT you or your disability  Makes it something to be hidden away, to not be talked about - Structural issues o Access to courts  How do you get access to justice…  If you can’t even get in the building  If you have police officers/lawyers/judges that treat you in a certain way because of their stereotypes or prejudices about your disability?  If court officers speak to you in ways you do not understand? o Freedom  Creating accessibility – to be able to get where you want to go, see who you want to see, talk to who you want to  Safety – Disability increases the likelihood that you will experience violence  Decreases your freedom because you don’t feel safe in your own community, in your own neighbourhood o Access to resources  Barriers to employment  For those who cannot work at all – receive inadequate, stigmatized support 5  Exercise: These famous people all have some sort of disability. Write down first what you think they are, then go find out for sure what their disability is o Winston Churchill o Thomas Edison o Alice Cooper o Ray Charles o John F. Kennedy o Neil Young o Bruce Willis o Access to power  In two ways  Hard/rare to see someone with a visible disability in a position of power  Those in positions of power with invisible disabilities are unlikely to openly disclose them - Ablism and mental health o How the process of ablism is prevalent in mental health – because mental health issues are, for the most part, an invisible disability o Issue with mental health is that we assume everyon
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