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Lecture 19

Lecture 19 Child Welfare & Film about Crown Wards.docx

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Department
Social Work
Course
SOCWORK 1A06
Professor
Sandra Preston
Semester
Winter

Description
1 Social Work 1A06: Introduction to Social Work February 25 2013 Lecture 19: Child Welfare & Film about Crown Wards Notes: - If you have a problem with dropbox or miss a deadline – email to the prof and your t.a. asap Child Welfare - Good idea to do Child Welfare work o Where lots of different social work comes together  Experience in a vast array of issues  Helps you figure out how you want to work with bureaucracy and rules, and what kind of social work you want to do - There are issues with the system o But there doesn’t seem to be a good alternative right now o Why do we need Child Welfare? - We have identified children as vulnerable and the responsibility of our society. - We have a minimum standard of care for children. o Children whose parents do not provide the minimum standards of care become the responsibility of society - Children are generally seen as the property and responsibility of their parents. - But who creates the standards and enforces them? o Questionable o Who gets to decide what is a reasonable home for a kid? Who gets to enforce those standards?  More next week on how oppression is threaded thru our child welfare system Child Welfare History in Ontario - Before industrialization it was a community responsibility or children were served in orphanages, usually run by churches or other charities, or the criminal justice system (juvenile delinquents). - First Children’s Aid was established in Ontario in 1891 by J.J. Kelso in Toronto. - 1984 – Child and Family Services Act Present Day Policy - Children’s Aid Societies are legally granted the responsibility for the protection of children in Ontario. 2 o CAS is a private organization run by a board of directors, but they are funded mainly by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services and have to follow legislation o In some other provinces it is a governmental responsibility - They are responsible protecting, caring for and placing children. o Children – kids 16 and under  Over 16? CAS legally can’t help you – UNLESS you have a history with CAS and are still under 18 Duty to Report - Responsibility to report a child in need of protection [CFSA s.72(1)] o If a person has reasonable grounds to suspect that a child is or may be in need of protection, the person must promptly report the suspicion and the information upon which it is based to a Children’s Aid Society.  Legal responsibility of citizens Situations which Require a Report – very detailed slides - Generally o If child is in danger of physical, emotional or sexual harm – child is in danger and you are required to report it - 1. The child has suffered physical harm, inflicted by the person having charge of the child or caused by or resulting from that person's, (i) failure to adequately care for, provide for, supervise or protect the child, or (ii) pattern of neglect in caring for, providing for, supervising or protecting the child. o Actual Physical harm or neglect - 2. There is a risk that the child is likely to suffer physical harm inflicted by the person having charge of the child or caused by or resulting from that person's, (i) failure to adequately care for, provide for, supervise or protect the child, or (ii) pattern of neglect in caring for, providing for, supervising or protecting the child. o A risk of physical harm or neglect - 3. The child has been sexually molested or sexually exploited by the person having charge of the child or by another person where the person having charge of the child knows, or should know, of the possibility of sexual molestation or sexual exploitation and fails to protect the child. o Actual sexual abuse or exploitation - 4. There is a risk that the child is likely to be sexually molested or sexually exploited as described in paragraph 3. o Risk of sexual abuse or exploitation - 5. The child requires medical treatment to cure, prevent or alleviate physical harm or suffering and the child's parent or the person having charge of the child does not provide, or refuses or is unavailable or unable to consent to, the treatment. o Not receiving medical treatment 3  Issues here because various beliefs go against certain medical things, judges can force child to have a procedure against the wishes of the parents/his beliefs - 6. The child has suffered emotional harm, demonstrated by serious, (i)anxiety, (ii)depression, (iii)withdrawal, (iv)self-destructive or aggressive behaviour, or (v)delayed development, and there are reasonable grounds to believe that the emotional harm suffered by the child results from the actions, failure to act or pattern of neglect on the part of the child's parent or the person having charge of the child. o Actual emotional harm - 7. The child has suffered emotional harm of the kind described in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) of paragraph 6 and the child's parent or the person having charge of the child does not provide, or refuses or is unavailable or unable to consent to, services or treatment to remedy or alleviate the harm. - 8. There is a risk that the child is likely to suffer emotional harm of the kind described in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) of paragraph 6 resulting from the actions, failure to act or pattern of neglect on the part of the child's parent or the person having charge of the child. - 9. There is a risk that the child is likely to suffer emotional harm of the kind described in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) of paragraph 6 and that the child's parent orthe person having charge of the child does not provide, or refuses or is unavailable or unable to consent to, services or treatment to prevent the harm. - 10. The child suffers from a mental, emotional or developmental condition that, if not remedied, could seriously impair the child's development and the child's parent or the person having charge of the child does not provide, or refuses or is unavailable or unable to consent to, treatment to remedy or alleviate the condition. - 11. The child has been abandoned, the child's parent has died or is unavailable to exercise his or her custodial rights over the child and has not made adequate provision for the child's care and custody, or the child is in a residential placement and the parent refuses or is unable or unwilling to resume the child's care and custody. o There is no legal age wehre a child is allowed to be left alone in the legislation – they just have to be mature enough  E.g. might have a 10 year old who is mature enough to be left alone, and a 14 year old who is not mature enough to be left alone - 12. The child is less than 12 years old and has killed or seriously injured another person or caused serious damage to another person's property, services or treatment are necessary to prevent a recurrence and the child's parent or the person having charge of the child does not provide, or refuses or is unavailable or unable to consent to, those services or treatment. o Cannot put them in jail, put them in care instead - 13. The child is less than 12 years old and has on more than one occasion injured another person or caused loss or damage to another person's property, with the encouragement of the person having charge of the child or because of that person's failure or inability to supervise the child adequately. Moving thru CAS Involvement (See slide for flow chart) 4 - Intake o Through referrals  People phone the CAS to report a situation they think is a problem  E.g. child not being adequately supervised etc.  People sometimes phone on themselves – can’t handle parenting anymore o Worker decides whether the complaint requires investigation  Based on legislation standards and defs  Depending on the severity of the allegation, a worker will go out and see a family, or call a family o A child is considered in need of protection if he or she is being abused and/or neglected.  Abuse – emotional, physical,sexual.  Neglect – not meeting the physical, emotional, health, educational, etc. needs of the child. o Decision at this level – whether or not to open a file - Once a File is Open o Short term assistance can include referrals to parenting courses, counselling, shelters, drug treatment, housing, etc.  E.g. if child supervision is an issue – refer to daycares in the community o Children’s Aids have a variety of resources depending on the community they serve and their own resources.  Some innovative programs have parent aides, workers in schools, after school programs, dental and medical services o At this level – figure out: Is the child safe? Can the child stay safe?  If child is in immediate danger  apprehension  Try not to apprehend if they don’t have to – don’t want to take kids from their fams unless abs neccessary - Apprehension o The stereotypical – “baby-snatching” part of CAS o If a child’s immediate safety is in jeopardy social workers for the Children’s Aid have the power to remove children from the care of their parents immediately.  Can enter your home without your permission to take your kid  More power than police in this area  They must then justify their actions to a judge who will ultimately decide if a child will stay under the care of the Society.  Within 5 days, Judge decides whether child will stay in care or go home o Only a judge can take away parental rights o Children are then placed in alternative homes, ie. foster care or now more frequently, kinship care  Kinship care: someone that the child already knows – a friend or family member  Placing children is not an easy task 5  E.g. if you apprehend 5 kids from one family and want to keep them together in care – difficult! - Voluntary Care Agreements o Sometimes children need to come into care because their parent(s) have no other resources  E.g. you are a single mother with no support and you have to have an extended stay in hospital  You call CAS and set up a voluntary care agreement for a designated amount of time o Difficulties in parenting  You can’t handle the kid anymore o Unable to meet special needs of the child  Unable to handle/afford the needs o Parent(s) requires care/hospitalization themselves  Example above o Lack of resources (general or specific) o Usually short term, unless social worker assesses that there are hidden issues and apprehends the kid instead - Kinship and Foster Care o One of the ways CAS tries to keep kids in their support groups – with people they know and probably trust o Children are placed in kinship homes
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