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Social Work (254)


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McMaster University
Social Work
Jennie Vengris

1 Poverty and Homelessness – January 10, 2013 SEE SLIDESHOW NOTES ONLINE - Living wage vs. minimum wage Poverty Stereotypes - Poverty and homelessness are different yet the same - Starting in the 1980s it was clear that homelessness referred to a poverty that includes being unhoused. It is a poverty that means being without required social supports. And it is poverty so deep that even poor-quality housing is not affordable. Canada has aways had many people living in poverty. In the 1980s more and more people were not only poor, but also found themselves unhoused – David Hulkhanski - Deep poverty leads to homelessness – homeless people are always poor, poor people aren’t always homeless - To meet a minimum standard of living people need three things:  Housing  Income  Support services - The more the government pays attention to income, the less radical it needs to be in housing policies. If they aren’t paying attention to income realities then there is homelessness and they have to address this. It costs more to shelter someone in a homeless shelter for the night than to address poverty before it reaches homelessness - If income is addressed, people will still be poor but at least they will be housed - Same how all problems tend to bleed into one another – that the poor/the homeless are less healthy - Our inattention to poverty services can lead to homelessness - Seeing homelessness as the natural outcome of the way we have organized our housing system and social institutions operate 2 Poverty in Canada Jan 17 Poverty is pain Physical: long work hrs, little food Emotion: humiliations from dependency and lack of power Moral pain: forced to make choices -experience of material and social deprivation that prevents you from reaching your full human and social potential Social exclusion: lack or resources, rights, goods and services and inability to participate in normal relationships and activities Social determinants of health: economic and social conditions that shape the health of individuals, and communities. They include income and income distribution, food security, and the social safety net Poverty is a level of income Falls below some standard of adequacy in relation to 3 Median income (half of incomes are above, half are below) A market basket of goods The proportion of money spend on necessities compared to average families Global measure of poverty: those living on a dollar a day Why study poverty? Anyone can be susceptible Impacts children’s development Affects everyone’s health DEFINITIONS FOR OECD DATA • Poverty line: income falls below 50% of median income • Poverty rate; the percentage of the population that falls below the poverty line • Poverty gap: the percentage by which the income falls below the poverty line Canada’s poverty rate higher than most countries but gap better (2000) Canada has a higher poverty rate higher than the average and also now has a larger poverty gap, grew by 6% in a decade..from early 2000-late 2000s 4 Canada spends more than average on healthcare and less than average on social expenditures Single, unattached of working age households are growing fastest Loss of manufacturing jobs in Ham greatest sector to see change ie Welland 6-12 factories closed..may not have any left The rise in poverty among single unattached adults Poverty is dropping among lone parents (since mid 1990s) Due to ie national child benefits Little progress for two parent families and couples with no children Child poverty has been reduced Feb 4 week 5 5 Lenses and Populations – Getting on the Agenda The social welfare debate/discourse is value laden Values: way you perceived the world or workplace etc Shaped through culture, upbringing, experiences, peers, education Values alone should not drive us in our work Values are not right or wrong but rather common or less common, or acceptable or less acceptable Should values inform the social welfare discourse? Yes, but they are not dimensional enough, too representative of the people in power How social policy gets made: 1. How to get social issue on agenda 6 2.Determining objective 3.Set broad targets 4.Commit to path 5.Designing the intervention 6.Implement and measure Factors influencing how social policy gets developed Response to a major event ie homeless freezing on Toronto’s streets Favourable or non favourable media attention New govt with new ideology Someone with power has a personal experience International conventions ie WHO, UN ie Right to Child to end child poverty Rappateur(ambassador) from UN who measures how Canada is doing ie high child poverty, low housing Influential people are insistent and creative in their pursuit of a response - stakeholders Stakeholders Groups of ppl who hold some stake or interest or share in issue 7 Or out of sense of justice or personal/professional interest Influencers/Stakeholders Analyse, articulate and define social issues Can be activists, advocates, service providers etc How we influence the policy agenda: Different frameworks/lenses to understan
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