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Sociology 1A06 - Population and urbanization.docx

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Sandra Colavecchia

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1A06: Population And Urbanization March 15, 2013 Structural Functionalism  Durkheim were born during the urban environments = anomie [collapse of social norms] He thought they were problematic and dangerous.  Cities were characterized by an absence of social solidarity  People used to live in small villages and people were held by solidarity. People had a clear sense of right/wrong, influenced by religion, as people moved to cities - According to Durkheim, social pathologies of city life happened A. With the transition from mechanic to organic solidarity B. Because anomie is absent C. As a result of economic inequalities and poverty D. Because of an advanced division of labour E. All of the above Symbolic Interactionism  Subjective understandings and social meanings attached to rural, suburban, and urban environments  Can be characterized as visually uniformed  Suburban get characterized as homogenous, conforming (all look the same)  Big cities - can be viewed as danger but also places of opportunity Conflict Theory  Looks at class-relations, working class vs. capitalist class  Looks at Thomas Malthus - well known for his theory about over population Malthus believed that: A. population growth would exceed the food supply B. population growth would NOT exceed the food supply C. population declines would happen over time D. food supplies would grow exponentially E. technological advances would increase the supply of food  Marx argued different, he felt that capitalists want a large population, as big as we can make it. Why? To keep wages low. People will work for whatever wage because if they don't work they know other people will work for pennies even. Easily be able to replace workers. Feminist Theory  Gender-based inequalities are the focus  Application: gentrification What is Gentrification? A. poor people moving into the suburbs B. the middle class moving to the suburbs C. visible minorities moving to the suburbs D. more affluent people moving into economically depressed neighbourhoods E. the migration of the elderly out of the cities Malvina Reynolds - Little Boxes - Theme song, it's a critique of middle class suburbia - Looks at the sameness in architect & social life. Rush, Subdivisions - shows Toronto in 1982 - echoes Reynold's song - is about average teenagers in high school - looks at their unhappiness grown in urban areas - compared life in the suburbs - life in the cities Billy Joel - Uptown Girl - gives us a different take on urbanization - emphasizes link between social class and geography - how cities are constructed The textbook identifies which living organism [in the sea] as being most similar to contemporary cities? A. sea horses B. sharks C. octopus D. algae E. coral reef - the tentacles are representing high ways Bruce Springsteen - Streets of Philadelphia - Stars Tom Hanks living with HIVs, he gets fired wrongfully dismissed - pictures of Philadelphia which highlights homelessness, poverty, and spirit of the city & vibrancy Frank Sinatra - New York New York& Empire State of Mind - Jay Z & Alicia Keys "If I can make it here, I can make it anywhere" - Symbolic interactions where dreams come true. Talks about problems in the city & goodness. Perspectives on Population and Urbanization 1. Environmental-Opportunity Theory - Most people in the global south have no say in where they want to live, but others in the north many of us have the opportunity to choose. For those who are fortunate enough to chose where we want to live, it fits to our lifestyle. The life you want to live should match where you want to live. 2. Demography - Population size (Is the population growing? Staying the same?) - Di
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