Class Notes (808,131)
Canada (493,086)
Sociology (2,049)
SOCIOL 1A06 (712)

Race and Ethnicity .docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Sandra Colavecchia

Race and Ethnicity Wednesday, January 9, 2013 & Friday, January 11, 2013 Race and Ethnic Relations - 159 SIQ: Ethnic groups are distinguished “by ancestry, culture, and social location” - “Races have relatively unique ancestries, cultures, and social locations too. In addition races differ form ethnic groups and from one another in terms of visible physical characteristics, such as color of skin, that are socially defined as significant and that are therefore significant in their social consequence” Sociological Perspective on Race and Ethnicity - Focus on inequality and power - Social significance of categories of race and ethnicity - Focus on discrimination - Race and ethnicity as achieved statuses - Race and ethnicity as socially constructed - Race as a biological myth - View race as ascribed (something you’re born w/ you can’t change, although sociologists view race and ethnicity as achieved statuses, statues that are not fixed and by social definition (social constructions) - Race as a social construction: NS – 1950’s race used by scientists, racial typologies: white and black – this is done to differentiate and make conclusions on different racial groups – scientific validity of using race as a category was rejected Ethnicity - As a social construction - Objective definition of ethnicity: ethnicity is fixed and static, unchanging o This focuses on language, culture, customs practiced, nation of origin, ancestry, ethnic groups exist where a person is placed - Subjective approaches to ethnicity: ethnic identity as variable and flexible o Self identification: how you see your self o Social scientists would say that ethnic statuses are flexible and variable - Ethnicity is self defined by ppl, subjective approach it can change your perspective on ethnicity over time: move away (identify less over time) o Self defined and fluid - Henry and Tator: students from Caribbean background, high school => university, their blackness became more central to their self identity in uni: “felt more black” high school relations didn’t depend on race or ethnicity, but in uni it is different - Subjective Approaches to Ethnicity - Ex: experience of visible minority university students described - Ex: Quebec: civic nationalism vs ethnic nationalists (NS) o Separatist’s movement: a country tht make up all the ppl of Quebec. o Civic Nationalism: the nation as an association of people with equal and shared political rights, and allegiance to similar political procedures o Minority: membership determined by ones cultural and linguistic background (deep roots in Quebec) – known as ethnic nationalists - Ex: How would you define your ethnicity? o Self identify as Canadian - pg 184 New Society: “Even through race is a hollow biological concept, and even through ethnic identities and boundaries are neither fixed nor unchanging, many people believe in the existence of ethnicity and race and organize their relationships with others on the basis of those beliefs. Therefore, race and ethnicity are important parts of our social reality. o Beliefs about certain groups: whites superior Institutional Racism - Discriminatory racial practices built into institutions, - 3 forms: o 1. Based on racist ideas: overt - denying certain groups the right to vote; Chinese, Indians o 2. Institutional practices that were originally racist but no longer are: Mexicans coming to do farm work in the summer, but can’t stay here in the winter because they can’t handle the winter: thinking no longer but policy intact o 3. Institutions that unintentionally restrict that chances of certain groups: institutions operating in a way where policies harm certain groups, and restrict and limit opportunities – racial profiling by the police (visible minorities) New Racism - “New racism is a theory that suggests that it is natural for groups to form bounded communities. One group is neither better nor worse than another, but feelings of antagonism will be aroused if outsides are admitted” – p 204 NS - Natural for groups to form bounded communities, but feelings will arouse if outsiders are let in - New Racism: racism has takes on a new forms (cultural differences as opposed to biological differences) - Impact of new racism is the same: unequal treatment - Immigration for a country: ppl of color, ppl of European decent had access back to Britain - “Culturally different” cultural difference not good for - - - British society – prevents immigrants of color of entering Britain Prejudice vs Discrimination - Prejudice (hostility) vs discrimination (unequal treatment, denial of equal treatment because they are part of a particular ethnic group) - Survey data reveal that approx. 1/3 of Canadians hold prejudicial attitudes - Table 8.3 – perceptions of discrimination - 9% Canadians consider them self racists moderate or extreme - 92% witnessed racist comments or behavior - 9% react negatively if child married someone of different race White Privilege - Unearned privilege that whites benefit from - Concept developed by Peggy McIntosh, Feminist and Anti Racist Scholar and Activist 2006 Census - 16.5% of Canadians self defined as a member of a visible minority group - Large cities have higher proportions of visible minorities 3 Groups Facing Inequality 1. Aboriginals (economic and health outcomes) o National tragedy, have lower family income, housing, poverty, o Cost of food high b/c they live in remote areas o Higher death rate, short life expectancy, crime, violence, substance abuse, divorce o Why? – Historical and intergenerational traumas: colonialism, exploitation, and residential schools. This still affects children now, b/c there parents and grandparents were subjects to these events that occurred, younger generations are experiencing a legacy from there elders o Take away language, custom, spirituality, and experienced abuse 2. Black men (economic outcomes suggest persistent discri
More Less

Related notes for SOCIOL 1A06

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.