1/16/2013 1:30:00 PM
Which question can Sociology address?
Does god exist?
Is there life after death?
How should we define and measure religiosity?
How many people in a society would define themselves as religious?
How important is the family in socializing children into a particular
Perspectives on Religion:
o They would argue religion is functional and useful for society
because it meets societies needs
Spiritual and physical, financial and practical support,
creates more boundaries and social solidarity
Churches served the function of education, caring for
children who didn’t have family
o Durkheim: the gods that people worship, are socially created
He said the origin of religion is social, talked about the
set of shared beliefs that people might have
People holding this collective conscious
You worship as a group
Durkheim argued: God, was in fact the group
experiencing itself. Felt that science did not have all of
the answers to all of life’s questions, because of this he
felt that religion would step in and answer questions
that people could not find in science alone
Society integrates people into society by creating
solidarity among its members
He viewed societies as mechanical solidarity, to
societies based on organic solidarity
o Pre-industrial societies: mechanically solidarity