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Lecture 8

Sociology Lecture 8 & 9 - Socialization and Families

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Sandra Colavecchia

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Socialization – October 11, 2013 Quiz – any Becker question from Becker or tutorial Peers • agent of socialization • question of friendships and gender differences of friendships – Womens friendships with other women and Mens friendships with other men • peer influence is stronger through adolescence Gender Differences in Friendships • Women spend more time talking with friends as opposed to engaging in shared activities (men play sports together) • self-disclosure important to women – sharing inner most thoughts with other people • Females have less extensive but more intensive friendship networks – woman had fewer friends but closer friends and men said to have a greater number of friends but not as much closer friendship • Womens Face to Face friendships – Verbal intimacy • Men Side by side friendships – shared activities • Greater similarities in mens and womens friendships than differences • Gender socialization key in explaining differences in how men and women express themselves and do intimacy ◦ because of gender socialization suggests men and women express themselves differently • Both men and women rank talk as most important shared activities second • Both men and women view friends as source of help and new ideas ◦ Mens friendships are just as supportive as women ◦ Boundaries are just as important to men • Gender socialization teaches boys to do intimacy differently ◦ Boys are discouraged from expressing emotions of fear, sadness • Homophobia prevents men from expressing affection Re-socialization • Adulthood • Voluntary (choice, i.eAA) • Involuntary (no choice, i.e prison) ◦ little to no choice of involvement ◦ 1950s – 1982 Erving Goffman ◦ takes place in total institutions – prison; the person original self identity is eroded and a new identity is created ▪ subjected to pain and humiliation, rituals to create this new identity ▪ Ex.Aboriginal schools – taken from parents against their will and parents will, sent to these schools, not aloud to speak their own language, couldnt do any of their customs, verbally, emotionally, sexually abused Educational Institutions • Formal knowledge – formal curriculum • Teaching societys value – informal learning, schools prepare students for their future work • Preparation for future work roles • Professional skills Hidden Curriculum • Schools: ◦ beneficial and functional for society b/c helps produce good students/workers ◦ Produce good workers which enhances social solidarity (Structural Functionalism) ◦ Create obedient workers and reproduce social inequality ◦ Reproduce gender inequalities (Feminist Theory)* October 16 & 18, 2013 Families The Bridges Madison County – Movie Key Issues: • Definitions of families and marriage and implications • Application of 4 sociological paradigms • Social history of families • Contemporary trends • Social policy Defining Families • Definitions of family shape government social policy an inform the decisions we make about how to live our lives ◦ impact directly because govnt has specific definitions of family ◦ excluded many different kinds of family – govnt denies benefits Compassionate Care Program (2004) • your child or the child of your spouse of common law partner (of at least one year) • your wife/husband or common law partner • you father/mother • your fathers wife/ mothers husband • the common law partner of your father and mother ◦ excludes grandparents, siblings, in laws, same sex partners and extended family, aunts and uncles, excludes anyone who lives in an unconditional family ◦ any Canadian can apply, as long as they can justify the person dying is considered family ◦ Ex. OSAP – based on parental income Definitions and Social Policy • Policies that assume financial support (i.e filial responsibility laws) – Well Fare • Policies can deter relationship formation – Many of relationships men are not the biological father • Defining Marriage – excludes certain kinds of relationships • Cohabiting couples • Disillusioned ASociological Perspective • families are socially constructed and change over time and place • inclusive definitions emphasizing social reproduction ◦ more inclusive – focus on what families do (goals, activities) ◦ social reproduction – caring work in families ▪ emotional, physical work • families are always evolving – tied with economic change • Bonnie Fox and Meg Luxton ◦ “family is the set of relationships that bring people together daily to share resourves for the sake of caring for children and each other....[families are] the relationships that mobilize resources especially for the sake of generational and daily production – for social reproduction.. family is also the emotional connection that so ties people of different together...” (Fox and Luxton, 2001, pg 29) ◦ emphasizes daily interactions Structural Functionalism • Heterosexual nuclear family; sexual division of labour (traditional) ◦ Ex. Human body analogy – everything is interconnected in the body as in society • Husbands: instrumental role (Breadwinner) • Sexual division of labour functions to hold families together; marriages would dissolve • Wives: expressive role • Talcott Parsons – 5 Functions of families ◦ Reproduction, Socialization, Economic Cooperation, Emotional Support, Regulating Sex (heterosexual) ◦ Function of the family are changing because of the changes in society; modern institutions preforming functions that families used to do Conflict Theory • economic motive production shapes families • Impact of industrialization: Families were no longer units of production, but units of consumption – Consumption making wage; taking wage home and buy what they need (no longer producing things at home but consuming) • In pre-industrial society families were units of production • Families relying on waged work • Distinction of Private sphere family and public sphere of work • Frederick Engels – Emergence of private property resulted in control o
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