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1A06- nov. 26.docx

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Sandra Colavecchia

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1A06- Introduction to Sociology Tuesday, Nov. 26, 2013 LECTURE: - STRATIFICATION - Feminist Theory: inequality caused by male political, legal and economic advantage  Gender disparity  Political process has barriers to women  1 on 1 relationships (particularly between men and women)  CRITICISM: too much focus on gender and not enough on other issues - Max Weber: Class, Status party:  Class (economic power, owning property)  Status (prestige, i.e. occupational prestige)  Party (political power) - Erik Olin Wright (Neo-Marxist): contradictory class locations (some occupational groups have divided loyalties)  The idea that sometimes some people in occupational groups have divided loyalties  Ex. Manager of a company – divided loyalties to the owner who pays for your salary and the workers that you are managing  The middle class is not one homogenous group  Complex and contradictory  Not clear cut where its worker vs. powerful - Frank Parkin (Neo- Weberian): social groups maximize their own interests by restricting access to resources and opportunities  Two types of social closure: 1. Exclusion: effort by powerful groups to maintain their position (they want to keep their demand and income high) 2. Usurpation: effort by excluded groups to gain power (excluded groups trying to improve their position and gain more power) - Gerhard Lenski (Technology):  Technological base of a society will determine the amount of inequality  Managers/ CEOs have power and share profits  Agrees with Marx  Economic wealth is the core of our society  As industrialization continued, inequality would get better - Inequality in a Canadian context:  Absolute poverty - so little income that survival is difficult  Relative poverty- significantly less income than others  Low- income cut-off (LICO) – level of income at which more than 55% of income is spent on basic necessities - Q. Which social group is more likely to be poor? a. Visible minorities b. Women and children c. Disable Canadians
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