Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
Sociology (2,104)
SOCIOL 1A06 (735)
Lecture

work and economy

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 1A06
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich
Semester
Winter

Description
02/11/2014 Jack Layton Work and The Economy Trends that might impact your post-graduation The growing number of overqualified workers The expansion of contract work Not have a permanent job, not have security The disappearance of company-sponsored pension plans RSP- returning saving pension Corporate downsizing and restructuring Globalization Recessions Highly educated people losing their jobs and difficult to find another job Overqualified Workers 1/5 with a university education were overqualified for their Job in 2001(Statistics Canada)—increasing now Groups most at risk: younger workers, immigrants, people who had studied commerce, arts, humanities The higher the university certification, the LESS likely to have a job that only requires high school – need more university Problem is getting worse Older workers—have higher chance opportunities......... Recent immigrants have higher rate than Canadians Key Trends Dramatic changes in past 3 decades Service sector Manufacturing sector: many high pay job disappear Demographic change( aging population) Globalization and deindustrialization Polarization of jobs: “good” jobs in primary labor market(internal job shelters) shelters aviod many challenges than secondary labor market “bad” jobs in secondary labor market(job ghettos) smaller firm, company lower level education no benefit, pensions over represented Non-standard employment (involuntary) De-industrialization Standard employment Mon-Fri, for the same company Non-standard employment Have many part time job for living Including working evening, weekend, contract work, self-employed, etc. People do not want, but they cannot find standard employment Impact social life It connect social support Women are more likely to work and low pay , cannot hire others Man are opposite School to work transition has changed Prolonged Younger adult leave home late Taking longer Discontinuous life course path(s) Continuous life path Finish education->work-> marry-> retire Now, have different life sequence These transitions are not smooth Gendered: Women are more likely to follow continuous life path Overqualified workers Work to retirement transition has changed Prolonged Varied Many people retired, but then they found they cannot support themselves, and go back to work ‘Bridge’ jobs working full time to not work are ways to create money, but have no commitment to work full-time Corporate downsizing Those older workers have higher education, they are costly, after they are fired, they take more time to find job Unemployment(rates are lower; but unemployed longer) Ageism, discrimination Older workers face many stereotype—technology, working.. Retirement When would you like to retire? Today Haven’t given it much thought I want to continue working as long as I can Retire as early as possible Other Women’s Labour Force Participation Expansion of service (public service: clean jobs, safe jobs)sector
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