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SOCIOL 1A06 (712)

Politics and Social Movement.docx

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McMaster University
Bridget O' Shaughnessy

Politics and Social Movement 02/26/2014 Arab Spring: An interactive time of Middle East Protests(抗抗). Ex. Egypt Protest grows People from all walks of life protesting regardless of age, gender or religion Using social media—instrumental on putting pressure on Government, forcing worlds’ leader to take note on what is happening. G20 Protest Toronto, 2013 It’s not so expansive They are mad about organizations. MIF, World Bank, etc. Critical multinational corporations, American Stores Tiananmen Square, 1989 Begin as university student protest, grow to much bigger Protesting government, demanding social change, social justice, social quality, rights, democracy. Thousands of students were killed. End by Government. Open fire to students. Violence!!!!!!! Shocked the world, remain a historical event. Civil Rights Movement “The future belongs to those who prepare for it today”—Malcolm X Dr. Martin Luther King: advocating non-violence, love Ghandi: non-violence, leader of non-resistance..... Figure 18.1 The institutions of state and civil society State Executive, Legislature, Judiciary Civil Society Business, multinational companies Five Sociological Theories (figure 18.1) write down after ......(from the book) Pluralist Theory Elite Theory Power held by Largest companies Executive branch of government The military Often coming from lower social background These three parts are interconnected, socially Michael Moore’s Fahrenheit 911 Does a really good job visually representing Elite Theory Are contrast of 抗抗抗抗抗 How to value social academic status? Education, money, political engagement Way to measure political engagement: Ask what is their attitude on government Do they join to vote... Etc. Figure 18.2 Political cynicism and donations by annual household income, Canada Marxist Theory Instrumental VS Structural Marxists Instrumental Marxists: economic elites control the government, because: 1. Economic elites become political leaders rich people control government government do whatever elites people want them to do 2. Government officials refer to economic elites for political advice 3. Big business support political parties through campaign donations Structural Marxists: government is constrained to work within capitalism and cannot ignore what’s in the best interest of capitalists Cannot make decision totally against the capitalists Corporate taxation: figure out how much business should pay for the tax Has declined Power Balance Theory How power shifts over time Power not only held by elites but by others as well Example: cross-national comparisons in rates of unionization It tends to enhance the political participation Union encourages people to improve political power Sweden has higher unionization than Canada Wide distribution of who has the power Class, gender inequality Argue: the distribution of power in society does change, sometimes massively. State-Centered Th
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