Tues. Oct. 4 2011
Socialization: The process by which people learn to become members of society (p.100)
• primary socialization- infancy to adolescents
• secondary socialization- (reciprocal) when members of society learn new social roles. ie. When people have children
• anticipatory socialization- when people are imagining and preparing for their new roles ie. Frosh week
• re-socialization- process that happens when members of society have “gone off course” ie. Deviants or criminals
Childhood (birth-12 years)
• children weren't always understood to be an exceptional moment in life. They were just “miniature” people. No special
Adolescents (12 – 17)
• Before the industrial revolution people went from being kids to being grown ups.
• Industrial revolution demanded more skill sets. People went to school for longer.
• The idea of “teenagers” in the 1950s, development of youth culture
YoungAdulthood (18 – 29)
• people are experiencing a prolonged youth
Middle Adulthood (30 -65)
• the 'powerful' age
• young adults are firmly entering their adult status
• the sandwich generation
Late Adulthood ( 65+ years)
• the ideas of the elderly are being re imagined by the baby boomer generation
Talcott Parsons (1902-1979)
• personality system- within society every person has their own “spark of genius” that they bring to the table
• biology system- what we do and how we work together effects our biology
• culture system – language and meaning making systems that we have, ideas like the flag, currency.. these are all aspects of the
• social system – subsystems like family, religion, education, work
The functions of the family in modern society- the function of the family has become more specific. In the olden days the family was
responsible for many things, but now the function of the family is very specific. The family today has two key functions. The first is the
socialization of children. Within the family children are taught the norms and values of society. How to act, how to show respect ect..
The second function of the family is to work as a place for adults to express their feelings and desires. In front of children adults can
regress and “act” like children. It is important to go home and be silly.
There are also specific