Class Notes (837,981)
Canada (510,607)
Sociology (2,104)
SOCIOL 1A06 (735)
Lecture

Families.docx

10 Pages
111 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 1A06
Professor
Stan Pietruszczak
Semester
Fall

Description
Families 10/11/2012 3:00:00 PM Defining Families  Definitions of family shape government social policy and inform the decisions make about how to live our lives  The specific definitions of family have often excluded many families, which can result in being denied government services  Compassionate Care Program (2004)…(If you want to support someone who is dying)  Your child or the child of your spouse or common-law partner (of at least one year)  Your wife/husband or common-law partner  Your father/mother  Your father’s wife/mother’s husband  The common-law partner of your father/mother  Now changed policies to be less exlusive Definitions and Social Policy  Policies that assume financial support (ex. Children supporting parents)  Policies can deter relationship formation  Defining marriage ex. Excluding interracial relationships in the past, same-sex marriage. Not only social policy is important, but the symbolism as well. A Sociological Perspective  Families are socially constructed and change over time and place  Not only roles, but activities and work families accomplish  Social reproduction: The caring work involved in families; physical, emotional, mental -> grocery shopping, planning grocery list, worried about nutrition  Inclusive definitions emphasizing social reproduction (caring work) 4 PARADIGMS Structural Functionalism – Talcott Parsons  Heterosexual nuclear family; sexual division of labour  Husbands: instrumental role  Wives: expressive role  Strict separation of labour between breadmaker and homemaker  Gender division of labour holds families together  Men and women are interdependent 5 Functions of Families  Reproduction  Socialization  Economic Co-operation  Emotional Support  Regulating sexual activity - begins to decline in the 70’s… Conflict Theory – Karl Marx  Impact of industrialization: families were no longer, units of production, but units of consumption  Families are increasingly reliant on waged work  Households no longer make stuff, they consume stuff that they buy with their wages  What we see with industrialization among more affluent classes, where women did not have to work for wages, the home becomes a haven and women become guardians “A woman’s place is in the home”  Most women were not rich and worked for wages Frederick Engels:  Emergence of private property resulted in control over women’s devotion  Once we have private property men are concerned about how they want to transmit their wealth Marxist Feminist Theory  Meg Luxton: studying women’s unpaid labour  Capitalism is reliant on unpaid labour  Housework, meal preparation, thinking about the baby Feminists Theory  Family: site of conflict and male privilege Symbolic Interactionism, microlevel  How we actively create “family”  Symbols related to weddings such as rings, churches, white gowns  Examine individual subjectivity and how they are formed by family relationships. Ex. First-time mothers experience a sense of self that is transformed by being a mother  Family relationships shape own self-identity  “I am a McMaster student, I am a sister.” o HISTORY OF CHANGE IN FAMILIES Hunting and Gathering Society  In our earliest human societies, parents and children live immersed in a wider group rather than in privatized households  Caregiving is shared – by men as well  Women gather food which constituted the bulk of daily food consumption; this was very highly valued  Fluid gender roles Pre-Industrial Families  Household composition determined by labour needs  The composition of households was based almost exclusively on one thing: the economic needs. Not love or caring  Husbands and wives make very rational economic calculations  We do not see a clear division between public and private spheres  Children were viewed as a potential source of labour, and a mouth to feed, an economic liability  Households that could not sustain their children would send them out to live in other households if labour was not needed by parents Industrial Society th  Late 18 century  Families are no longer productive units  Households begin to shrink to parents and children  Waged work in factories; distinct separation in public and private spheres  Most people found it necessary to engage in waged work: husbands, wives, children  Factory work was dangerous and dirty  Men’s wages were generally higher than women’s wages  Women earned wages at home doing textile work  Among the more affluent classes, women are focused on homemaking and caregiving  New ideologies: femininity, what it means to be a woman; motherhood, what it means to be a mother; what children need from their mothers  Ideas that women are biologically predisposed for caregiving  Supported by medical and scientific literature at the time, even religious doctrine  Focus is much on mothers now rather than fathers  New psychological and child development theories promoting the role of mothers  Intensive mothering: kids need intensive maternal care for their psychological well-being  Children who do not get intensive, exclusive maternal care will discover severe outcomes  Rather than promoting children to earn wages, we begin to see children more and more as economic investments and liabilities  As a result of this, family size begins to shrink, especially among more wealthy families 1950’s  Declining fertility up into the 1950s  Economic affluence promoted family life (early marriage, large families)  Tragedy of WW2 gives rise to dramatic trends  50s and 60s: unprecedented economic growth – the manufacturing sector is expanding ad providing lots of good jobs for men with no education or good skills  Facilitates early marriage – getting jobs, earning good paychecks  Increases in home ownership - growth of suburbs  Embracing of family life in 50s and 60s  Many marriages in this time ended in divorce  Women’s economic dependence served as a deterant for leaving  High rates of alcohol and drug abuse among women 1960’s and beyond  Economic recessions impact families  Disappearance of great-paying family wage jobs  Need for wives to
More Less

Related notes for SOCIOL 1A06

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit