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Lecture 9

2D06 Lecture 9 "Theories on & Self Identity Part II".docx

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McMaster University
Sarah Clancy

Fox 1 Lecture 9 SOCIOL 2S06 Wednesday November 20, 2013 Theories on & Self Identity – Part II  Self & Social Structure:  How does “where we are in society” (i.e., our place within the broad social structure) affect our self and identity development process?  Your text gives the example of “John” (p. 133)  Often times, we take on ”positions” and we have to decide how to manage or negotiate these meanings within an already established set of roles or expectations  How do we Measure Self-Concept?  3 Components: I. Self-Esteem: o Our feelings of self-worth, which can be positive or negative o It is “…global or specific…based on specific roles or spheres of life…” (p. 133) o We try to maintain a “consistent” and “positive” sense of self – motivated by the “self-consistency and self-esteem motive” o What are the 4 sources of self-concept? 1. Social comparisons 2. Reflected appraisals 3. Psychological centrality 4. Self-perceptions II. Mastery: o Similar to the self-efficacy in that it is our “ability to control our environments” (P. 135) o Self-fulfilling prophecy o Mastery is developed through the interconnected relationship between (p. 136) o Personal accomplishments o Verbal persuasion o Emotional arousal Fox 2 Lecture 9 III. Mattering o How do others feel about us, do we matter in their lives? o The more we matter, the more integrated or stronger ties we have with society (p. 136)  Influence of ‘sociodemographic’ variables on self-identity development  Earlier in the course, we discussed the roles of gender, class and race and how these variables can affect interactions with others, as well as our own self-perceptions  [***NOTE***Social stratification in “Finding Mrs. Daisy” movie]  These characteristics can have an effect on mastery, but affect of other socio- demographic variables are more controversial (p. 138)  All comprise our “social identity”  How do group process theory look at self and identity development?  Recall our discussion last week about how identity is formed  Identities arise through “interactional encounters” and are “subject to confirmation” by other social actors  Identities are affected by the roles we have and situations we are in, and accompanying digress of responsibilities  Processes such as categorization” and “Self-enhancement” affect how relationships in groups, and group identities, develop and sustain themselves (p. 144-145)  Identities can be more or less salient depending on the context  “…when social identities become salie
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