2D06 Lecture 9 "Theories on & Self Identity Part II".docx
Fox 1 Lecture 9
Wednesday November 20, 2013
Theories on & Self Identity – Part II
Self & Social Structure:
How does “where we are in society” (i.e., our place within the broad social structure)
affect our self and identity development process?
Your text gives the example of “John” (p. 133)
Often times, we take on ”positions” and we have to decide how to manage or negotiate
these meanings within an already established set of roles or expectations
How do we Measure Self-Concept?
o Our feelings of self-worth, which can be positive or negative
o It is “…global or specific…based on specific roles or spheres of life…” (p.
o We try to maintain a “consistent” and “positive” sense of self – motivated
by the “self-consistency and self-esteem motive”
o What are the 4 sources of self-concept?
1. Social comparisons
2. Reflected appraisals
3. Psychological centrality
o Similar to the self-efficacy in that it is our “ability to control our
environments” (P. 135)
o Self-fulfilling prophecy
o Mastery is developed through the interconnected relationship between
o Personal accomplishments
o Verbal persuasion
o Emotional arousal Fox 2 Lecture 9
o How do others feel about us, do we matter in their lives?
o The more we matter, the more integrated or stronger ties we have with
society (p. 136)
Influence of ‘sociodemographic’ variables on self-identity development
Earlier in the course, we discussed the roles of gender, class and race and how these
variables can affect interactions with others, as well as our own self-perceptions
[***NOTE***Social stratification in “Finding Mrs. Daisy” movie]
These characteristics can have an effect on mastery, but affect of other socio-
demographic variables are more controversial (p. 138)
All comprise our “social identity”
How do group process theory look at self and identity development?
Recall our discussion last week about how identity is formed
Identities arise through “interactional encounters” and are “subject to
confirmation” by other social actors
Identities are affected by the roles we have and situations we are in, and
accompanying digress of responsibilities
Processes such as categorization” and “Self-enhancement” affect how
relationships in groups, and group identities, develop and sustain themselves (p.
Identities can be more or less salient depending on the context
“…when social identities become salie