Class Notes (839,124)
Canada (511,196)
Sociology (2,104)
Lecture 14

2D06 Lecture 14 "The Social Psychology of Mental Illness".docx

6 Pages
57 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCIOL 2D06
Professor
Sarah Clancy

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Description
Fox 1 Lecture 14 SOCIOL 2D06 Wednesday January 29, 2014  Social Psychology of Mental Health • Not that long ago, mental health was only talked about in discussions of the sociology of deviance o Negative label and stigma o “sociology of nuts, sluts, and perverts” (Liazos & Liazos, 1972) • Changing terminology: o Badness to sickness/illness (Conrad &Schneider, 1980)  Social Psychology of Mental Illness Symbolic Interactionism/Social Constructionism (SI/SC): • Who and what problems are defined as mental illness or health? • How can we/do define mental illness? • Acknowledge the changing meanings, definitions, and constructions of mental health and illness over time o Historically, cultural, and socially • Foucault (1965) was one of the first scholars to study historical constructions of mental illness  3 Paradigms in the History of Mental Illness & Health (Conrad & Schneider, 1992): 1) Sin Paradigm (17 century) • Role of the church • Ex=witch trials th th 2) Crime Paradigm (Late 17 – 18 century) • Secularization; move to criminalization 3) Disease Paradigm (19 Century) • Medicalization; identifying and treating disease, illness of health-related diseases • Movement towards “medicalization” o Deviance, social problems, illness, etc., can be identified, treated (and labelled) controlled/managed by the medical field • Medicalization involves power o Power to define, label, and control what is seen as mental illness or health, and “appropriate” ways to deal or treat it Fox 2 Lecture 14 • 3 assumptions of the medical model 1) Cause o In this case, medical/biological; something within the individual 2) Labelling of the problem 3) Treatment or management • Because this is rooted in social construction, what conditions, issues, symptoms, behaviors, etc., are labelled or medicalized can change over time o EX= Homosexuality  Conrad notes 3 important trends in medicalization: o “The power and authority of the medical profession” o Decision-making power to define what is or is not mental illness or health and label it as such o “Activities of social movements and interests groups” o Creation of support groups, movements or organizations that want to “medicalize an issue” o “Directed organizational or professional activities” o Policies, guidelines (i.e., DSM) or defining and labeling of diseases, treatments, protocols, etc., • Therefore, medicalization of mental illness and illness operates like the process of Claimsmaking o WHO: Who are the claims-makers? o WHAT: What claims are they making? o WHEN/WHERE: What is the socio-historical context? o HOW: What strategies are they using to press their claims? o OUTCOME: Has it worked? Is it working? o EX=Legalization of pot • What does your textbook say about self-help movements? • Do daytime medical talk shows, medical television dramas, etc., Web MD, contribute at all to the self-help movement? o The New Yorker wrote an article (Spector, 02/04/13) asking about Dr. Oz “Is the most trusted doctor in America doing more harm than good?”  The Self: • Recall our discussion last week about stigma • Stigma surrounding mental illness did not exist and does still exist in society today Fox 3 Lecture 14
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit