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Lecture 11

2D06 Lecture 11 "The Social Psychology of Social Deviance Part I".docx

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Sarah Clancy

Fox 1 Lecture 11 SOCIOL 2D06 Wednesday January 8, 2014  The Social Psychology of Social Deviance Part I • Objective versus Subjective Approaches to the Study ad Construction of Social Deviance o Objective: concern with causes of and solutions to social deviance o Relativist/ Subjectivist: deviance is subjective; it is an interpretation or meaning  Historical Relativity - turning points in course of life (ex. people growing up in World War II era), generation X vs. generation Y (ex. tattoo - in the past it was poorly labelled as lower-class, harder background, part of gangs but now there is a change in perception  Cross-Cultural Relativity - different views from different cultures, different disciplinary tactics depending on culture  Situational Relativity - depends on situations, act one way in a situation may seem deviant and in another situation it may seem not deviant (ex. dressing in PJs to class)  Gendered Relativity - "What would you do?" - superman and princess  Generational Relativity - how we see things through different generations, how we socialize  Temporal Relativity - things happen in certain circumstance  Early Theories of Deviance - Biological Theories: • Biological perspective on deviance: a violation of established social norms due to biological factors • Atavism (Lombroso, 1911: 1972): o Major work (translated into English) "Criminal Man" (Lombroso, 1972) o Influenced by Darwin's theory of evolution (strong survive and weak pull down the society) o Physical mutations = moral mutations/primitive; therefore less "moral fiber" you have o Focused on physical attributes such as a big head, think eyebrows, square jaw, big ears etc (i.e. were defects) - they would deviate o Theories were male-centric Fox 2 Lecture 11  Somatotypes Theory (Sheldon et al., 1949): • First began testing theory in the 1940s based on an all-male study involving undergraduate students at the University of Chicago • In 1949, applied to the theory to 200 males with anti-social personality disorder from a centre called "Hayden Goodwill Inn" - had a comparison group of non-deviants (Madden, 2010:4; Sheldon et al., 1949) • According to Sheldon et al., (1949) each body type has unique characteristics and associated personality traits BODY TYPE CHARACTERISTICS PERSONALITY TRAITS Endomorphs Round, soft, heavy, Easy going, flabby mellow, lazy, outgoing Ectomorphs Thin, slender, tall, frRigid, sensitive, nervous, quiet Mesomorphs - Muscular, strong, Loud, outgoing, Most likely to be well-built bullies, tough, deviant insensitive  Heredity Theories (Dugdale, 1910): • "Theories of Degeneracy" - deviance based on generation/ through heredity o Research part of the "eugenics" era o Deviance is hereditary • Dugdale (1910) studied the family known as the "Jukes" o The Jukes were a pseudonym o "...consisting instead of over 40 families with only 540 of its 700 members related by blood..." • "Biological criminology was closely related to the Eugenics movement in America. Also, the emphasis of Lombrosian and other forms of biological criminality had a significant effect on American penology. Ultimately it led to a nationwide moral crusade in favour of sterilization as the ultimate solution to the problem of hereditary criminality" ( • Video from Anderson Cooper 360 discusses compensation Fox 3 Lecture 11  Examples of Psychological Theories of
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