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Lecture 18

2D06 Lecture 18 "Emotions & Relationships".docx

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Sarah Clancy

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Fox 1 Lecture 18 SOCIOL 2D06 Wednesday March 19, 2014 (NO class last week of Wednesday March 12, 2014)  Emotions & Relationships  What are emotions? • Emotions are feelings that we have towards people, places, things, situations, contexts, etc.,.  Why is sociology interested in emotions? • They are an aspect of everyday life and affect individuals • Sociology of emotions is an interest in “…how society affects our feelings and emotional expressions” (p. 270) o Attentive to structure, interaction, interpretation and interplay between them • Important link between attitudes and emotions  What are emotions? • Emotions are relative: situational, temporal, cultural, social, political, etc., relevant • Different components of emotions, including: o Psychological changes: blushing, crying, shouting, etc., o Expressive gestures: response to a stimulus which are labelled (i.e.: emotional label) o Affect: evaluation of emotions influence o Mood: “emotional states” o Feelings: “…internal states associated with a particular emotion” o Sentiments: similar to societal norms and values, except in regards to emotions • Video clip reveals the different dimensions of emotions: o Moore, C. (2012). “Sons Amazing Reaction To Vacation To See Winter The Dolphin.”  Youtube o What physiological changes do you notice in Damian? o Is Damian exhibiting expressive gestures and emotional labels? o What affect does the situation Damian is placed into have on his self and what mood does it place him in? o Can we identify Damian’s feelings and the feelings of those around him? o As a society, what sentiment can we express about situations similar to this one? Fox 2 Lecture 18 • Kemper (1987) argued for 2 types of emotions: 1) Primary – biological, physiological 2) Secondary – social in nature • Just like we have discrimination, we have emotional discrimination- we will later watch a video clip from The Agenda with Steve Paikin (2013) which illustrates emotion work, as well as emotional discrimination  Symbolic Interactionism & Emotions: • Emotions, like other aspects of social life, are socially constructed o Influenced by and influences structural life • Emotions are a part of our everyday interactions o Can limit or inhibit those “interaction ritual chains” o Can provide us with conformist or deviant adaptions to norms and values in society • Types of moral emotions: o “self-directed emotions of shame and guilt” o “other-directed emotions of contempt, anger, and disgust” o “sympathizing and empathizing responses to distress” o “emotions associated with praising others for their moral behaviors”  What do we learn about emotions? • Like other processes, through socialization and agents of socialization • Recall our discussions earlier in the term with regards to rewards, sanctions, presentation of self, impression management, self-fulfilling prophecy, Pygmalion effect, and looking glass self o All of these are contingent and influenced by emotional responses and reactions between social actors involved in the interact ritual/process of exchange o Are mediated by “emotional scripts” and “emotional cues” (p. 277) • These “emotional scripts” and “emotional cues” steer us towards appropriate and inappropriate ways to handle and deal with emotional situations • Mary Maxwell is now an infamous YouTube celebrity, she is a senior citizen who moderates her own series called “Laughing with Mary” where she addresses common concerns among the senior population o In this clip, Mary addresses a question about attending an ex’s funeral when multiple people’s emotions are involved Fox 3 Lecture 18 o While Mary provides emotional support, emotional/impression management, she also uses humor (an emotion) o Caregiver Stress-Laughing with Mary (2012) “Attending a Past Love’s Funeral – Laughing with Mary”  YouTube  SI, Emotions & Relationships: • 4 pillars of attraction (p. 278): 1) Proximity 2) Similarity 3) Physical attractiveness 4) Reciprocal liking • How do relationships change over time: how do we construct relationships and our emotional connection to peo
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