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Lecture 19

2D06 Lecture 19 "Emotions and Relationships Wrap-Up & Collective Behaviour".docx

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Sarah Clancy

Fox 1 Lecture 19 SOCIOL 2D06 Wednesday, March 26, 2014  Emotions and Relationships Wrap-Up & Collective Behaviour Structural Approaches to Emotions - emotions and emotional reactions affect our relationships with one another - emotions are structured to societal conditions and emotions also influence societal conditions - Tonnies has argued that 2 types of relationships exist in society:  Gerneinschaft: Collective  Gesellscaft: Self-interested - for example, according to Waid et al, cultural differences exist in perceptions of self-identity as one ages  native Spanish (greater sense of community) versus native English speakers (individualistic) - Collective versus individualistic; loss/death of loved ones versus limited physical abilities Group Processes and Emotions - emotions are part of the process of social exchange of what we call the "affect theory of social exchanges" (p. 289)  rewards  punishments  cohesion versus breakdown/ isolation - When there is inequity or unequal exchange or reciprocity in relationships = emotional responses, outbursts, etc  called the "equity theory of emotion"  Are things distributed equality? (i.e. "distributive justice") - this video clip from TBBT illustrates the "equity theory of emotion." what happens when justice is not distributive, and the general relationship between social exchange in relationships ("Sheldon Kisses Amy") unclear ideal, people negotiate based on meanings, idea of compromise towards the end of the video - Can we see how emotions can be stratified by status, prestige, class and so forth? In, what ways?  status = respect  power = "...structurally positioned to essentially demand compliance from other people" - equal power and status among group members = more positive emotional experience and more committed members (greater equality means less emotional turmoil) Human-Animal Relations & Emotions - as we discussed last week, emotions are not restricted to human-to-human interaction only - we have many examples of the human-animal bond - this video from Buzz60 on Yahoo shows the strong emotional connections between human and animals ("Giraffe Gives Farewell Kiss to Terminally Ill Caretaker" - this is just one example but shows us how social actors interact and form relationships and bonds with people, places, things and other living creatures like animals Collective Behaviour - when we study collective behaviour we are looking at group:  relations and relationships  interactions  meanings  sub-cultural values, practice, ideologies and norms  action  etc - connection to sentiments, attitudes, emotions and relationships, commonalities or shared views often move people to "collective" action or to work or join together - we have "collective memories" (p. 315) remember particular moments ex. WWI/ WWII Principles of Collective Behaviour - term was coined in 1920s by Samuel Henry Principle in regards to "...the great Halifax, NS explosion of 1917" (p. 299) - What are the other interested facts your text notes about use and developed of the term? **POSSIBLE EXAM QUESTION - "Pioneer of collective behaviour" = Gustav LeBon *KNOW THIS NAME - Early theorists in collective behaviour = saw collective movements as "irrational" - 1960s = change in understanding crowds or collective movements were not "bizarre" or "helpless" like believed earlier - 1970s = systematic studies on civil rights movement and disorders, sports, etc...led by McPhail - work disputed earlier research and findings - 1980s = linguistic change/ "collective behaviour" to "collective action" - "collective action" refers to "...people's behaviour when they collectively celebrate, mourn, worship, protest, compete in athletes or confront disaster" - "social movements" are a form of collection action "...designed to produce new social orders"; coined by Blumer SI and Collective Behaviour - Intersection of different areas of social life  collective behaviour is often a result or impacted by sentiments and emotions, as well as interactions on the group level - (I) Mass hysteria theory or contagion theory  devel
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