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The Organization of Media Work.docx

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David Young

The Organization of Media Work A) Howard Becker (Art Worlds) 1) Understanding Art Worlds Art Worlds: organizations, groups and people associated with the production, commission, preservation, promotion, criticism & sale of art Tried to address the question, “how does work associated with art get done?” 2) Bases for the Behaviour of Media Personnel a) Organizational Needs  Organizations have needs that must be met  Individuals within the organizations play their part within the division of labour  Problems: argument based on the problematic notion of organizational needs – do organizations have needs? How do we identify them?  Emphasizes structural constraints & leaves very little room for independent agency b) Negotiated Terms  Individuals within organizations will negotiate the terms of their cooperation before each major task or project that gets performed within the organization  Problems: emphasizes independent agency – stresses the autonomy of media personnel c) Prior Agreements  Cooperation between people in work that is related to art usually relies on earlier agreements and have over time become the basis of customary practices  Customary procedures part of the structure  People can choose to follow the procedures or not B) Media Production and Conventions Conventions: practices or techniques that have become the usual ways of doing things within a particular field of work (work routines)  Affect how media professionals carry out their work  Affect the content of the media Work Within News Organizations A) Rationalization, Conventions, and News Work  Rationalization of news work has contributed to conventions in news work 1) Weber and Rationalization  The movement of way from trying to understand the world through religion, and tolerant understanding the world through  Rationalization: starting in the 19 century, evidence gathered through empirical science provided the basis for gov’ts or companies to identify and calculate predictable courses of action or forms of control  Involves principles - efficiency, calculability, predictability and control 2) News and Rationalization  News organizations became interested in trying to apply principles to news production  2 processes affected: news gathering & news reporting  Conventions or work routines allow rationalization - tell journalists where to look for news each day  Ensuring efficiency  Learn the conventions for news reporting through the process of professional socialization  Ex: Journalism school B) Gaye Tuchman (Making news: A Study in the Construction of Reality) 1) The News Net  Standard process for which news is gained  News organizations throw a net over wire services and other news sources  Trying to catch news worthy events in the net  News net has “holes” in it – will catch only the biggest stories, smallest stories fall through  News organizations have foreign bureaus  News net acts as an initial filter in determining the most news worthy events 2) The News Beats  News Beats: important types of news that are gathered by journalists through visits to associated locations and contacts with key players  City hall beat, business beat, sports beat  City hall beat – journali
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