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2Q06 "Gender" & "Feminism".docx

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Anna Janzen

Fox 1 Lecture 4 & 5 SOCIOL 2Q06  History of Gender in Canada  Political Factors  Role of Geography: o Resources affected development and entry  Intersectionality: Axis of inequality: gender is only one part of this mix o Class o Race o Culture  Caveat:  Who writes history: the winners, usually men, & the literate  Whose voices are heard  Whose voices are silenced: Immigrants & Natives  Ideology vs. reality: perspectives by white men “this is the way it should be”  It is difficult to get the voice of women b/c they were not as prominent  The voices of children are virtually absent and you get the perspective from the adult  Colonialism/Imperialism  Control by powerful over weaker (British was taking over Canada)  Use of resources of weaker to increase wealth, power of the dominating country (fur)  Dependence  1 Picture: European Empires, c. 1700 nd  2 Picture: The British Empire in the 1920’s: sun never sets on the empire”: control over the world from extracting resources Fox 2 Lecture 4 & 5  A Nation of Immigrants:  Canada was developed by immigrants  Indigenous Peoples: don’t know a lot about them  Charter groups: initial settlers/we projected this on to them o French o English  Loyalists: Americans that disagreed with political decisions that brought the U.S in as a country  Others: o The desperate and the brave o People getting away from poverty and lack of opportunity & lack of inheritance o Primarily males: soldiers, traders and people in the religious orders  Contact:  Soldiers: o Problems with alcohol  Traders: o Bought furs from the Natives o Women went along in the canoes with the traders because they had the knowledge of the country and survival skills to make it through the conditions = played a role in developing the country  Religious orders: o View of the people was savages o Massacres were occurring  Pre-Confederation:  Resource flows  Colonial status  Limiting factors: o Geography o Transportation o Communications (within country of outside of country)  Post-Confederation  Railway interests  Prairie development: a way to keep the country together Fox 3 Lecture 4 & 5  Incentives  Who was targeted: White people and did not want people who could assimilate into the country  Who was excluded  Immigration Act 1910:  “physically, mentally or morally unfit whose exclusion was provided for by Act of Parliament”  Immigration Act 1952:  Discretion based on: o “nationality, citizenship, ethnic group, occupation, class or geographical area of origin” o “Peculiar customs, habits, modes of life”  The War Years:  WWI: o Masculinity and Empire o Women on the home front o Canadian troops were under British command  WWII: o Men at war o Women supporting the war  Post-War Prosperity  Baby boom  Industrial employment  Consumer society  Expansion of media  Theoretical Perspectives:  Functionalist: Gender differentiation contributes to social stability  Conflict: Gender inequality is rooted in the female-male power relationship  Feminist: Women’s subjugation is integral to society and social structure  Interactionist: Gender distinctions are reflected in peoples everyday behavior Fox 4 Lecture 4 & 5  Functionalism:  Social systems have “needs”  Functioning of the system  Interdependence, equilibrium  Evolutionary change  Macro way of looking at things  Each part of society functions as an organic whole  Changes are not radical or dramatic  Division of labour  Women’s expressive role: o Biological imperatives  Men’s instrumental role: o Provider  Conflict Theory:  Domination  Class struggle redefined  Marx: male dominance related to development of private property  Patrilineage  Monogamous family (keep female in line in order to pass off property to offspring)  Why the persistence of gender roles  Men control economic, political and social resources  No incentive to share power  Ideology supporting gender inequality o Women inferior outside the home o Women more valuable in the home  Symbolic Interactionism:  Socialization into roles through interactions with other people (what is accepted, appropriate, etc.,)  Males o Instrumental  Female
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