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September 16 2q06.docx

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Dr.Lina Samuel

Monday September 16, 2013 Sociology 2Q06: The Social Construction of Sex, Gender and Sexuality Cont. Alfred Kinsey (1894-1956)  American biologist and professor of entomology and zoology  Founded in 1947 in the Institute for sex research at Indiana state university  Kinsey Scale (0-6) where 0 is exclusively heterosexual and 6 is exclusively homosexual  Scale that measured sexual orientation  Sexual behavior of the human male (1948)  Sexual behaviour of the human female (1953) Lee Ellis (1942-)  Survey of over 8000 college students at 20 American Schools and two Canadian Universities  Gage a sense of self identification in sexual orientation, attraction, sexual fantasies  Key figure in study of human sexuality THINK – PAIR – SHARE  Baby storm May 2011  Parents decided not to share the sex of their babies – in not telling the gender of the baby – wanted the baby to discover for herself/himself what she may be  Society plays a large role in determining our gender/ sexual orientation – there are social political conditions attached  While they are being brave in allowing the child to explore and decide for itself the sexual orientation – but it is a very complex issue Stand Point Perspective  Peoples cultural locations frame the way in which they know, perceive and interpret the world in which they live, (Whitehead et. al. 2013:8)  When we fight against oppressions against gendering, it’s a liberation from all other structures in society – social construction theory  Varies by person, period of time, geography  People construct their own versions of reality, whether it be based on truth or false  Roles we play in society emerge from social and cultural forces, influences our choices and behaviour  Social Constructionism: Differences between us are not fixed, differences that rise at a particular social and cultural practices – framed in different power relations Gender Stereotypes (page 14 from text)  Widely held beliefs about the defining characteristics of masculinity and femininity  Beliefs hold a strong influence on societal expectations, and what we expect of others  Studies:  Best and Williams (1998) o Similarity in ways in which gender stereotypes are constructed in 30 countries, male stereotype are more active whereas female stereotypes were not as strong  DeLisi and Soundranayagam (1990) o Traits that represented masculinity and femininity o In society – value traits differently o Male gender traits – possessing more agency, power, more active o Women – passive activities George Merton and the “Self-ful
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