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Lecture 2

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Lina Samuel

Fox 1 Lecture 2 SOCIOL 2R03 Thursday September 12, 2013  The Paper:  Should have subheadings, intro & a thesis. Small synopsis of main article. “This is what sociological research says about….” Citation doesn’t matter (APA or MLA). Anything after the year 2000 and it does not have to be a Canadian topic  Agenda:  Conservative thesis vs Radical thesis (page 37 Table 2.1)  Marx and Class Conflict  Begin the Weberian concept of class (will return to this again)  Ancient Thinkers on Inequality:  Hammurai (king of ancient Babylon around 1750 BC)  Set down a code of laws which detailed the rights and duties of all his subjects  His laws differed for a “Man” and a “common man” (no reference to women)  John Porter – it reflects American conservative ideology = inequality is necessary for society/People fall into the positions they deserve  Outlines codes of conduct (rules)  Arian invasions spread the caste system  Those at the top = most pure (conquerors) & those at the bottom = most polluted (conquered)  Radical thinkers (like Lenski) of that period challenged this ideology (don’t believe in getting power through God)  Confucius believed in justice and duty (in the family aspect) = divine order (conservative category)  Plato was seen as a radical unlike his student Aristotle and looked at inequality in children because they come into the future with their parents inheritance (grow into poverty or wealth)  Aristotle = inequality was rooted in human nature  Hindu Laws of Manu:  Development of the caste system  Caste system stratified society with fixed social positions  Divides all the whole of Indian society on the notion of pollution and purity Fox 2 Lecture 2  Conservative Thinkers vs Radical Thinkers:  Those who wanted to keep the order of society vs those who wanted to challenge this order  Chinese philosopher Laozi seen as a radical  Kong Fuzi (Confucius) seen as more conservative  Plato (regarded as a radical)  Aristotle (seen as a conservative)  Marx & Class Conflict:  Ideas of domination:  “The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas, ie. The class which is the ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force” (Marx, 1947: 64).  1776 – American Declaration of Human Rights (Idea of equality)  Adam Smith and Thomas Jefferson wanted to liberate individuals who wanted to be free (abolish royalty)  Marx = contribution to capitalism and civili
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