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Lecture 3

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Lina Samuel

Fox 1 Lecture 3 SOCIOL 2R03 Monday September 16, 2013  Agenda:  Weber: Property, prestige, power  Durkheim: Social Order  Functionalist approach to understanding Inequality –Critique of functionalism  Globalization (Gordon Laxer, 1995)  Modernization  Neoliberalism (Friedrich Von Hayek, Milton Friedman)  Dependency Theory  World Systems - NIDL  Weber:  Sources of authority: traditional, rational-legal and charismatic  Power, Prestige, Property  Durkheim:  -focused on the division of labour and how society maintains social order  Mechanical solidarity  Organic Solidarity (individuals held together through interdependence)  Davis, Kingsley and Wilbert Moore. 1945. “Some principles of Stratification.” American Sociological Review 10: 242-49.  -functional necessity for stratification  “…a society must have some kinds of rewards that it can use as inducements and some way of distributing these rewards differently according to position” (Kingsley and Davis, 1950.  Critique of Functionalist Examination (Melvin Tumin 1954):  1. How do we assess the functional importance for the survival of society?  2. If stratification worked society would be meritocracy. Is it?  3. Is everyone motivated by rewards?  4. Social stratification is highly dysfunctional for many.  Davis and Moore: inequality motivates hard work, competition, and efficiency. Fox 2 Lecture 3  Tummin: Inequality erodes opportunity, perpetuates privilege, and undermines motivation and hard work, while at the same time perpetuating inequalities  (Sernau, 2011: 23)  Defining? Globalization  Gordon Laxer (1995: 287-288): Globalization is about four interrelated changes  1. Economic Changes  2. Ideological Changes  3. New Information and Communication Technologies  4. Cultural Changes  Robert Reich (1991: 302-303): “…laments the dark underside of globalization in which the rich increasingly disengage themselves from their fellow countrymen and leave them in deteriorating conditions…”  Modernization Theory:  (functionalist approach)  Modernization and development will gradually improve the lives of all people (even those in the developing world.  Neoliberalism:  Friedrich von Hayek (1899-1992)  Taught at the London School of Economics, University of Chicago, University of Frieburg  Road to Serfdom (1944)  The Constitution of Liberty (1960)  Milton Friedman (1912-2006)  One of the most influential economists of the second half of the 20th century.  Taught at the University of Chicago  Capitalism and Freedom (1962)  Capitalism and Freedom by Friedman (1962):  1. Governments must remove all rules and regulations.  2. Governments should sell off any assets they own that private corporations could be running at a profit.  3. Governments should dramatically cut back funding to social programmes Fox 3 Lecture 3  Dependency Theorists:  Even as developing countries make gains and advances, they remain weak and in subordinate positions to the core nations
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