Fox 1 Lecture 3
Monday September 16, 2013
Weber: Property, prestige, power
Durkheim: Social Order
Functionalist approach to understanding Inequality –Critique of functionalism
Globalization (Gordon Laxer, 1995)
Neoliberalism (Friedrich Von Hayek, Milton Friedman)
World Systems - NIDL
Sources of authority: traditional, rational-legal and charismatic
Power, Prestige, Property
-focused on the division of labour and how society maintains social order
Organic Solidarity (individuals held together through interdependence)
Davis, Kingsley and Wilbert Moore. 1945. “Some principles of Stratification.” American
Sociological Review 10: 242-49.
-functional necessity for stratification
“…a society must have some kinds of rewards that it can use as inducements and some
way of distributing these rewards differently according to position” (Kingsley and Davis,
Critique of Functionalist Examination
(Melvin Tumin 1954):
1. How do we assess the functional importance for the survival of society?
2. If stratification worked society would be meritocracy. Is it?
3. Is everyone motivated by rewards?
4. Social stratification is highly dysfunctional for many.
Davis and Moore: inequality motivates hard work, competition, and efficiency. Fox 2 Lecture 3
Tummin: Inequality erodes opportunity, perpetuates privilege, and undermines
motivation and hard work, while at the same time perpetuating inequalities
(Sernau, 2011: 23)
Gordon Laxer (1995: 287-288): Globalization is about four interrelated changes
1. Economic Changes
2. Ideological Changes
3. New Information and Communication Technologies
4. Cultural Changes
Robert Reich (1991: 302-303): “…laments the dark underside of globalization in which
the rich increasingly disengage themselves from their fellow countrymen and leave
them in deteriorating conditions…”
Modernization and development will gradually improve the lives of all people (even
those in the developing world.
Friedrich von Hayek (1899-1992)
Taught at the London School of Economics, University of Chicago, University of Frieburg
Road to Serfdom (1944)
The Constitution of Liberty (1960)
Milton Friedman (1912-2006)
One of the most influential economists of the second half of the 20th century.
Taught at the University of Chicago
Capitalism and Freedom (1962)
Capitalism and Freedom by Friedman (1962):
1. Governments must remove all rules and regulations.
2. Governments should sell off any assets they own that private corporations could be
running at a profit.
3. Governments should dramatically cut back funding to social programmes Fox 3 Lecture 3
Even as developing countries make gains and advances, they remain weak and in
subordinate positions to the core nations