What have you done this week to improve your skill sets?
Identify your areas for improvement & develop a strategy for tackling them
Prioritize your most difficult tasks & do them 1st
Average American spends 13.6 hrs/day on technology.......that’s a parttime job! ("How Much
Media? 2013 Report on American Consumers," )
Email Etiquette – Part 1
Try to answer your own question.
Use ONLY your McMaster email account.
Include SOC 2RR3 in subject line
Make sure your email is appropriate in address, tone & content.
Use standard spelling, grammar & sentence structure. Proofread!
Choose an appropriate greeting.
Spell the name of your professor/TA correctly
Sign with your full name.
Sex – Gender – Sex category
Sex: biological/physiological characteristics?? Gender: socially constructed roles/behaviours??
West & Zimmerman argue differently......
a performance – social performance/interactions
gender an interactional activity
Sex Category: expression of biological criteria – sex attributed to someone based on the social
cues that they give us
Sex is a social construction as well, because we are assigning someone a sex
They are political and judgmental
5 sexes – male, female, 3 intersexed categories
a true hermaphrodite – one ovary and one testy
male pseudo hermaphrodite – male but some female genetalia
female pseudo hermaphrodite – female but some male genetalia
No such thing as naturally male or female behavior
People can transgress “normative” performance of male/female
Sexuality and Gender 101 – VIDEO Michigan State
gender identity – in your mind
gender expression – how you dress, act, express yourself on the outside
Explanations of GenderBased Inequality Radical Feminism: Gender inequality function of men’s control of women’s reproduction & sexuality
Radical feminism: Gender inequality about men’s control over women’s reproduction and sexuality
Determines gender division of labour
Makes women economically dependent on men
Canadian feminist Shulamith Firestone (1970)
Analysis of oppression including race and class
Sexual repression is the root of the problem of sexism
If we want women to be emancipated we need to end sexual repression
Destruction of nuclear family, and elimination of pressure on women to bear and take care of
Completely eliminate women from baby raising, making and birthing ,etc.
Until we get to that point, women should be celibate so as to never be oppressed by men
Critiqued the idea that women’s oppression could be eliviated by having more empathetic males in
Argued Male dominance over women is universal
Premise of the book: “sexclass” domination of men over women is rooted in biology
Shulamith Firestone continued
Universal features of biological families:
1. women’s biological capacity (makes them dependent on men for survival)
2. children take a long time to become independent
3. bonds between mother and child universal and the bonds determine the psychology of all
women and children – cannot break free of the bonds Criticisms:
Treats patriarchy as universal
Makes it seem that men have an innate need to be dominating over women
Neglects how social reproduction is enacted
How social reproduction includes activities, behaviours, responsibilities involved in the raising of
radical feminists want to change the entire structure
rooted in biology
SocialistFeminism: linkage of patriarchy & capitalism (i.e. dual systems theory)
Focus on patriarchy and capitalism
Interact in dual systems theory
Family wage is institutionalized because man is responsible for being breadwinner
Patriarchy: a hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, and economic
structures are controlled by men
Equating male characteristics with capitalist values & female characteristics with reproduction
oppression has a variety of different formats
individual and institutional levels
Criticisms of Socialist – feminism:
Thinking of patriarchy and capitalism as separate systems of oppression
The Feminine Mistake – Leslie Bennetts
push to keep women in the paid workforce keep and make own money, don’t rely on men
huge financial penalty for divorce
Financial penalty for stayathome moms
Divorce rate, widowhood, insecure labour market
Average age for widowhood 55
How will you survive????
If you can’t take care of your children financially by yourself you don’t deserve to be a mother
Women assume all economic risk
Mistake to depend on a man financially
Day care is n