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SOCIOL 2S06 (332)
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Lecture

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 2S06
Professor
David Young
Semester
Winter

Description
A. Analysis of domination 1. Domination exerted by an individual, a group or a principle  (1) Group can be under the domination of an individual  Subjects in a kingdom obey their monarch  This situation fosters within the kingdom as they form strong bonds - Their monarch and their alegiaance to their monarch  An individual can be under the domination of a group  (2) That individual fallows the rules under the domination of those who run the company  An allegiance to the monarch has emotional connection, but the worker simply fallow the rules  Much more impersonal and much less emotion – faceless committee – there is no attatchment and is simply fallowing rules cuz he/she has to  (3) An individual or a group can be under the domination of a principle  Here we have a citizen obeying laws in the society  This exists due to the spread of bureaucracy  Due to its objective rules and norms  This interested weber B. Analysis of conflict o Another form of social interaction – Simmel was interested in this o (1) Conflict can have positive consequences o (2) conflict over impersonal interests can be especially intense o Ths is the case when pple are struggling over some kind of principle or idea such as nationalism – that can generate wars and revolutions o (3( conflict between groups can generate solidarity within groups o As conflict elcaltes each side will try to eliminate differences within their groups o At the same time they will try to highten differences between their group and the opponent o They are going to look for things that will bring them together o (4) conflict between those who have common qualities and a strong sense of solidarity can result in bitterness and hostility o When the solidarity within the group breaks down, it can start another conflict o For example, group has developed solidarity but then they discover that there has been a traiter, the harmony has not been broken and that is going to generate hard feelings o (5) conflict between those who have common qualities can be especially evident in intimate relationships o Here you see the relationship between love and hate, and suggests that in some cases those relationships can begin out of hate and then turn to love C. Analysis of interaction in groups o The size of groups can shape social interactions within groups 1. Dyads – made up of two people  Ex. Friendship, marriage, business partnerships  Will not exist any longer if one of the two decides to break the dyad  There is no indepeddant structure of its own  Each person must be fully commited to fulfilling that relationship  There needs to be trust and closeness  This involves the need to share personal thoughts, feelings or at least goals  Only going to continue as long as both people are satisfied  Sometimes there are formal rights and rules that are in existence  Gives dyads more stability and durability  Marriages and business partnerships are certainly dyads that are actually recognized by the government and courts 2. Triads  Made up of three people  If one person decides to leave, the group will survive  The group could reform itself as a dyad or it can replace another member and reform  They have rules or goals  Coalitions - instance when certain members could be forced to go along with the rules of the group  This happens when 2 members join forces against the third  Enterance can change things from a dyad to a triad  Ex. Two best firneds get close to a third, or parents have a kid 3. Small groups  Made up of four or more groups  The size of the group does have implication for the interactions  Unity comes from face to face interaction and intimacy  There are informal rules –  To deal with disunity  To control the behaviour or deviant members  Ex. Street gangs are bound with close ties and loyalty  They do try to control conflict among their members 4. Large groups  Due to the size, the social interaction changes  This includes corporations, political parties and other bureaucracies  These large groups – unity does not come from sharing personal feelings or having face to face interactions  Instead the unity comes from formal rules and specialized duties  A sense of freedom among members that does not always exist in small group  Lets compare scenarios: workers in corporations and compare that to members of a small religious cult  The members of the corporations are going to have to follow rules of the burreucracy, but will have more freedom inside the org and outside  Small groups = more tighter control D. Analysis of modern culture o Simmels pessimistic analysis of modern cultures is impor 1. Problem with modern society  He thought that people in modern society feel threatened and alienated by the forces of cultural change  Modern society accumulated too knowledge and too many product
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